6. Appendices

 

Appendix 1

Australia's National Classification System for Identified Mineral Resources (2009 edition)

Introduction

Australia's mineral resources are an important component of its wealth, and a long-term perspective of what is likely to be available for mining is a prerequisite for formulating sound policies on resources and land access.

In 1975, Australia (through the Bureau of Mineral Resources, which has evolved to become Geoscience Australia) adopted, with minor changes, the McKelvey resource classification system used in the USA by the then Bureau of Mines and the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Australia's national system remains comparable with the current USGS system, as published in its Mineral Commodity Summaries.

Companies listed on the Australian Securities Exchange are required to report publicly on ore reserves and mineral resources under their control, using the Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Code (see http://www.jorc.org/). This has also evolved from the McKelvey system, so the national system and JORC Code are compatible. Data reported for individual deposits by mining companies are compiled in Geoscience Australia's national mineral resources database and used in the preparation of the annual national assessments of Australia's mineral resources.

Estimating the total amount of each commodity likely to be available for mining in the long term is not a precise science. For mineral commodities, the long-term perspective takes account of the following:

  • JORC Code Reserves will all be mined, but they only provide a short term view of what is likely to be available for mining.
  • Most current JORC Code Measured and Indicated Resources are also likely to be mined.
  • Some current JORC Code Inferred Resources will also be transferred to Measured Resources and Indicated Resources and Reserves.

New discoveries will add to the resource inventory.

Classification principles

The national system for classification of Australia's identified mineral resources is illustrated in Figure A1. It classifies Identified (known) Mineral Resources according to two parameters, the degree of geological assurance and the degree of economic feasibility of exploitation. The former takes account of information on quantity (tonnage) and grade while the latter takes account of economic factors such as commodity prices, operating costs, capital costs, and discount rates.

Figure A1 is a square diagram representing Australia's national classification system for mineral resources. There are two main fields across the top labelled, from left to right, Subeconomic and Economic and the subeconomic field is subdivided into Submarginal and Paramarginal fields. An arrow across the top is labelled decreasing degree of economic feasibility. It points to the right indicating that submarginal resources have less economic feasibility than paramarginal resources which in turn have less feasibility than economic resources. There is one main field down the right side labelled Identified Resources and it is subdivided into Demonstrated and Inferred fields. An arrow along the side is labelled decreasing degree of geological assurance. It points downward indicating that there is less assurance with inferred resources compared to demonstrated resources.

Figure A1 Australia's national classification system for mineral resources.
Source: Geoscience Australia

Resources are classified in accordance with economic circumstances at the time of estimation. Resources that are not available for development at the time of classification because of legal and/or land access factors are classified without regard to such factors, because circumstances could change in the future. However, wherever possible, the amount of resource affected by these factors is stated.

Because of its specific use in the JORC Code, the term 'Reserve' is not used in the national inventory, where the highest category is 'Economic Demonstrated Resources' (EDR, Figure A1). In essence, EDR combines the JORC Code categories 'Proved Reserves', Probable Reserves', plus 'Measured Resources' and 'Indicated Resources' as shown in Figure A2. This is considered to provide a reasonable and objective estimate of what is likely to be available for mining in the long term.

Terminology and definitions for Australia's national system

'Resource': A concentration of naturally occurring solid, liquid or gaseous material in or on the Earth's crust in such form and amount that economic extraction of a commodity from the concentration is currently or potentially (within a 20-25 year timeframe) feasible.

The definition does not intend to imply that exploitation of any such material will take place within that time span, but that exploitation might reasonably be considered. It should be applied also on a commodity by commodity basis to take account of prevailing and prospective technologies. The term includes, where appropriate, material such as tailings and slags. Mineralisation falling outside the definition of 'Resource' is referred to as an 'occurrence' and is not included in the national inventory.

'Identified Resource': A specific body of mineral-bearing material whose location, quantity, and quality are known from specific measurements or estimates from geological evidence for which economic extraction is presently or potentiasible.

Categories based on degree of geological assurance of occurrence

To reflect degrees of geological assurance, Identified Resources are divided into Demonstrated Resources and Inferred Resources:

  1. 'Demonstrated Resource': A collective term used in the national inventory for the sum of 'Measured Mineral Resources', 'Indicated Mineral Resources' 'Proved Ore Reserves' and 'Probable Ore Reserves' (see Figure A2), which are all defined according to the JORC Code:
    • A 'Measured Mineral Resource' is that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a high level of confidence. It is based on detailed and reliable exploration, sampling and testing information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes. The locations are spaced closely enough to confirm geological and grade continuity.
    • An 'Indicated Mineral Resource' is that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, densities, shape, physical characteristics, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a reasonable level of confidence. It is based on exploration, sampling and testing information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes. The locations are too widely or inappropriately spaced to confirm geological and/or grade continuity but are spaced closely enough for continuity to be assumed.
    • A 'Proved Ore Reserve' is the economically mineable part of a Measured Mineral Resource. It includes diluting materials and allowances for losses which may occur when the material is mined. Appropriate assessments and studies have been carried out, and include consideration of and modification by realistically assumed mining, metallurgical, economic, marketing, legal, environmental, social and governmental factors. These assessments demonstrate at the time of reporting that extraction could reasonably be justified.
    • A 'Probable Ore Reserve' is the economically mineable part of an Indicated, and in some circumstances, a Measured Mineral Resource. It includes diluting materials and allowances for losses which may occur when the material is mined. Appropriate assessments and studies have been carried out, and include consideration of and modification by realistically assumed mining, metallurgical, economic, marketing, legal, environmental, social and governmental factors. These assessments demonstrate at the time of reporting that extraction could reasonably be justified.
  2. An 'Inferred Mineral Resource' is that part of a Mineral Resource for which tonnage, grade and mineral content can be estimated with a low level of confidence. It is inferred from geological evidence and assumed but not verified geological and/or grade continuity. It is based on information gathered through appropriate techniques from locations such as outcrops, trenches, pits, workings and drill holes which may be limited or of uncertain quality and reliability.

By definition, Inferred Resources are classified as such for want of adequate knowledge and therefore it may not be feasible to differentiate between economic and Subeconomic Inferred Resources. Where the economics cannot be determined, these Inferred Resources are shown as 'undifferentiated'.

Categories based on economic feasibility

Identified resources include economic and subeconomic components.

  1. 'Economic': Implies that, at the time of determination, profitable extraction or production under defined investment assumptions has been established, analytically demonstrated, or assumed with reasonable certainty.
  2. 'Subeconomic': Refers to those resources which do not meet the criteria of economic; Subeconomic Resources include Paramarginal and Submarginal categories:
    • 'Paramarginal': That part of Subeconomic Resources which, at the time of determination, could be produced given postulated limited increases in commodity prices or cost-reducing advances in technology. The main characteristics of this category are economic uncertainty and/or failure (albeit just) to meet the criteria for economic.
    • 'Submarginal': That part of Subeconomic Resources that would require a substantially higher commodity price or major cost-reducing advance in technology, to render them economic.

The definition of 'economic' is based on the important assumption that markets exist for the commodity concerned. All deposits that are judged to be exploitable economically at the time of assessment are included in the economic resources category irrespective of whether or not exploitation is commercially practical. It is also assumed that producers or potential producers will receive the 'going market price' for their production.

The information required to make assessments of the economic viability of a particular deposit is commercially sensitive. Geoscience Australia's assessment of what is likely to be economic over the long term must take account of postulated price and cost variations. Economic resources include resources in enterprises that are operating or are committed, plus undeveloped resources that are judged to be economic on the basis of a realistic financial analysis, or compare with similar types of deposits in operating mines.

How is the national inventory compiled?

Virtually all of the mineral resource estimates compiled by Geoscience Australia's commodity specialists, including Subeconomic Resources, originate from published mining company sources reporting under the JORC Code. Given the common resource categories and definitions, the transfer of mineral resources from company reports into Australia's national mineral resource categories is quite straightforward, as summarised in Fig. A2.

Figure A2 is a square diagram representing the correlation of JORC Code mineral resource categories with Australia's national classification system for mineral resources. The main field across the top of the square is labelled “Identified Resources” and it is subdivided into two fields labelled, from left to right, “Demonstrated” and “Inferred”. And arrow across the top points to the right and is labelled “decreasing degree of geological assurance” indicating that there is less assurance with inferred resources compared to demonstrated resources. There are two main fields along the left side of the square labelled, from top to bottom, “Economic” and “Subeconomic”. The subeconomic field is subdivided into two fields labelled “Paramarginal” and “Submarginal”. An arrow along the side points downward and is labelled “decreasing degree of economic feasibility” indicating that submarginal resources have less economic feasibility than paramarginal resources, which in turn have less feasibility than economic resources. Within the square, the top left quadrant is divided into four fields labelled “Current JORC Reserves – Proved”, “Current JORC Reserves – Probable”, “Current JORC Resources – Measured” and “Current JORC Resources – Indicated” indicating these categories have a high degree of geological assurance and economic feasibility with Proved reserves have the highest. The bottom left quadrant is occupied by a field labelled “JORC Measured and Indicated resources assessed by Geoscience Australia to be subeconomic” indicating that it has a high degree of geological assurance but weak economic feasibility. The right hand quadrants are occupied by one field labelled “JORC Inferred resources” indicating that this category has the least geological assurance but a range of economic feasibilities.

Figure A2 Correlation of JORC Code mineral resource categories with Australia's national mineral resource classification system.
Notes:

  1. EDR comprise mainly current JORC Code reserves and resources, but minor proportions of EDR come from selected historic JORC Code and pre-JORC Code reserves and resources;
  2. In some instances, where a deposit is reported as having Measured and/or Indicated Resources, particularly where there are no Reserves reported, a professional judgement is made by Geoscience Australia as to whether all or part of the reported Resources are included in EDR, or assessed as subeconomic; and
  3. Subeconomic Resources are largely from historic company reports but are still the most recent estimates, and it also includes proportions of resources from current company reports which are JORC Code compliant but have been assessed by Geoscience Australia as subeconomic.

Source: Geoscience Australia

In essence, for the reasons outlined above, the national inventory is compiled by:

  • Incorporating the JORC Code Proved and Probable Ore Reserves and Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources into EDR.
  • Transferring JORC Code Inferred Resources to the national Inferred Resources category. There is commonly insufficient information to determine whether or not Inferred Resources are economic.

In addition, Geoscience Australia makes decisions on the transfer of historic JORC Code and pre-JORC Code estimates of ore reserves and mineral resources. Some of these old estimates are economically less attractive under current conditions, usually due to lower commodity prices and/or unforeseen technical problems. Some of these resources may be removed from EDR and transferred to Paramarginal or Submarginal Resources. However, if such resources cannot be reasonably expected to become economic within a time frame of 20 to 25 years, they are removed from the national mineral resources database.

Companies report grade and tonnage data for individual deposits. However, it is not meaningful to add up grades and tonnages from different deposits, so the national inventory reports only the aggregated total tonnage for each commodity – that is, the sum of the contained metal in individual deposits for each resource category, which has been derived from company reports.

Allowances for losses

Loss of resources resulting from mining and milling (metallurgical processing) are given for the reserve and resource categories of the JORC Code. The allowances for losses, which apply to all minerals except coal, uranium, thorium and oil shale, are summarised in Table A1.

Table A1 Allowance for mining and milling losses in the National and JORC Code systems.
National system JORC Code system Mining losses Milling (metallurgical) losses
Exceptions:
  1. For coal, the following resource categories are used – 'Recoverable coal resources' makes allowance for mining losses only. 'Saleable coal' makes allowance for mining as well as processing losses.
  2. Uranium and thorium resources are reported with losses resulting from mining and milling deducted from all categories, consistent with the international uranium resource classification system of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and International Atomic Energy Agency.
  3. Oil Shale resources are reported as recoverable oil.
DEMONSTRATED RESOURCES Proved Ore Reserves Deducted Not deducted - but are considered in assessing economic viability
Probable Ore Reserves Deducted Not deducted - but are considered in assessing economic viability
Measured Mineral Resources Not deducted Not deducted
Indicated Mineral Resources Not deducted Not deducted
INFERRED RESOURCES Inferred Resources Not deducted Not deducted

Correlation of Australia's national classification system for mineral resources with United Nations Framework Classification system

In order to compare Australia's national inventory of mineral resources with those of other countries and estimate total global stocks, it is useful to map different systems onto a common international classification template.

The United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources 2009 (UNFC 2009) is an internationally applicable generic principle-based system in which mineral resource categories are classified on the basis of the three fundamental criteria of:

  • economic and social viability (E),
  • project status and feasibility (F), and
  • geological knowledge (G).
  • Mineral resource 'classes' are defined by using a numerical coding system ordered in a three-dimensional system along the three axes of E, F and G with '1' being the highest category in terms of quality and knowledge and '4' the lowest.
  • A mineral resource class is defined by selecting from each of the three criteria a particular combination of a category or a sub-category.
  • The codes are always quoted in the same sequence (e.g., E1; F1; G1),
    • The letters may be dropped and just the numbers retained, for example 111 at class level or 3.2; 2.2; 1,2 at sub-class level; and
    • These criteria may be further subdivided.

A full description of the UNFC system can be accessed at http://www.unece.org/energy/se/reserves.html

Figure A3 is a square diagram showing the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources and how Australia's national mineral resource classification system correlates. The diagram shows that Economic Demonstrated Resources under the Australian system correlate with the UN categories of “Commercial Projects” and “Potentially Commercial Projects”. In detail, the Australian “JORC Reserves” category correlates with the UN categories of “Commercial Projects – on production, approved for development and justified for development”. The Australian “JORC Resources” category correlates with the UN categories of “Potentially Commercial Projects – development pending and development on hold”. The Australian “Paramarginal and Submarginal Resources” category correlates with the UN category of “Non-commercial project – development unclarified” and the Australian category of “Inferred Resources” correlates with the UN categories of “Potentially Commercial Projects” and “Non-commercial projects – development unclarified” but classed as low quality and knowledge.

Figure A3 Correlation of Australia's national mineral resource classification system with United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC) system.
Source: Geoscience Australia

As discussed previously (Figure A2), Geoscience Australia's EDR comprises JORC Reserves and JORC Resources where:

  • the JORC Reserves component of EDR correlates with the UNFC's class of 'Commercial Projects' (as defined by mineral resource categories 111 and 112 in Figure A3); and
  • the JORC Resources component correlates with 'Potentially Commercial Projects' (as defined by categories 221 and 222).
  • Australia's national Subeconomic Resources (Paramarginal and Submarginal) correlate with a subclass of UNFC's 'Non-Commercial Projects' (categories 3.2; 2.3; 1,2).
  • Geoscience Australia's Inferred Resources are identified by the UNFC geological criterion G3 and is defined by 223.

UNFC's mineral resource classes under 'Potential Deposits' comprise Exploration Results under the JORC Code and various types of quantitative estimates of undiscovered mineral resources which are not currently assessed under Geoscience Australia's national mineral resource system.

Appendix 2

Mineral projects in Australia 2012
Project Company State Location Type Est.
Start Up
Publicly
Announced
Feasi-bility
Stage
Committed Est. New Capacity (per annum) Capacity
Unit
Resource Indicative
Cost
Estimate
$m
Source: Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics; t = tonnes; kt = kilotonnes; Mt = million tonnes; oz = ounces; Moz = million ounces; mtu = metric tonne unit; ROM = run of mine; PCI = pulverised coal injection; HiTi68 = a blend of rutile and leucoxene with a titanium dioxide content of 68%; HiTi87 = a blend of rutile and leucoxene with a titanium dioxide content of 87%; SOP = sulphate of potash; U3O8 = uranium oxide; NH4MoO4 = ammonium molybdate; V2O5 = vanadium pentoxide; TiO2 = titanium dioxide; n.a. = not applicable.
Abbot Point Coal T2 BHP Billiton Qld Bowen Expansion 2018+ y     60 Mt Black coal 1500-2500
Abbot Point Coal T3 (part of Alpha Coal Project) GVK Qld Bowen Expansion 2017   y   60 Mt Black coal n.a.
Abbot Point T0 (Phase 1 and 2) Adani Qld Bowen Expansion 2016   y   70 Mt Black coal 1400
Alpha Coal Project GVK - Hancock
Coal
QLD 120 km SW
of Clermont
New Project 2017   y   30 Mt Thermal coal 10000
Anduramba Molybdenum Archer Rsources Qld 150 km W
of Brisbane
New project n.a. y     950 t Molybdenum 0-250
Andy Well Doray Minerals WA 45 km NNE of Meekatharra New project 2013     y 74 000 oz Gold 55
Anketell Point
port
Fortescue
Metals Group / MCC / Aquila
WA Pilbara New project n.a. y     350 Mt Iron Ore 2500-5000
Aphrodite Aphrodite WA 65 km N of Kalgoorlie New project 2015 y     84 000 oz Gold 244
Appin Area 9 BHP Billiton NSW Wollongong Expansion 2016     y 3.5 Mt Coking coal 820
Ashton South
East opencut
Yancoal Australia NSW 14 km NW of Singleton Expansion n.a.   y   3.6 Mt Thermal coal 83
Aurora Bauxite
Mine
Bauxite
Resources/
Yankuang Corporation
WA Bindoon New Project n.a. y     2 Mt Bauxite 0 - 250
Austar
underground
(stage 3)
Yancoal Australia NSW 12 km SW of Cessnock Expansion 2013     y 3.6 Mt Coking coal
(ROM)
250
BAJV Alumina Refinery Bauxite
Resources/
Yankuang Corporation
WA n.a. New Project n.a. y     1.1 Mt Alumina 1000 - 1500
Balla Balla
project (phase I)
Forge Resources WA 90 km E of Karratha New project n.a.   y   6 Mt Magnetite 1000
Balla Balla
project (phase II)
Forge Resources / Todd Capital WA 90 km E of Karratha New project n.a. y     4 Mt Magnetite 500-1000
Balla Balla slurry pipe and port infrstructure Forge Resources WA Port Hedland New project n.a.   y   6 Mt Iron Ore 310
Balmoral South magnetite project (stage 1) Australasian Resources WA 100 km NE of Onslow New project 2017   y   12 Mt Magnetite 3300
Balmoral South magnetite project (stage 2) Australasian Resources WA 100 km NE of Onslow Expansion n.a. y     12 Mt Magnetite 2500-5000
Balranald Project Iluka Resources NSW 100 km SE of Mildura New project 2015 y     n.a.   Mineral sands 0-250
Baralaba
expansion
Cockatoo Coal QLD 150 km W of Gladstone Expansion 2014   y   3.5 Mt PCI and thermal coal 413
Baralaba South Cockatoo Coal QLD 10 km S of Baralaba Expansion 2014   y   3 Mt PCI and thermal coal 300
Barnes Hill Proto Resources
and Investments / Metals Finance
Tas 4 km W of Beacons-
field
New project na   y   4.8 kt Nickel-Cobalt 78
Barrambie
vanadium project
Reed Resources WA 64 km NW of Sandstone New project 2014 y     6.3 kt Ferro-Vanadium 250-500
Bauxite Hills Cape Alumina QLD 95 km N of Weipa New Project 2015 y     5 Mt Bauxite 0 - 250
Belvedere underground Vale QLD 7 km NE of Moura New Project 2016 y     7 Mt Coking coal 2814
Belview Stanmore Coal QLD 10 km E of Blackwater New Project 2017 y     n.a.   Coking coal 869
Bengalla
expansion
(stage 2)
Rio Tinto / Wesfarmers NSW 4 km SW of Muswell-
brook
Expansion n.a.   y   1.4 Mt Thermal coal 180
Big Hill Tungsten Project Hazelwood Resources WA 220 km NW of Newman New project 2014 y     1.6 kt Tungsten 112
Bigrlyi Energy Metals / Paladin / Southern Cross Exploration NT 320 km NW of Alice Springs new mine 2017+   y   600 t U3O8 270
Boggabri opencut Idemitsu Kosan NSW 17 km NE of Boggabri Expansion 2014     y 3.5 Mt Thermal coal 500
Bowden's Project Kingsgate NSW 27 km E of Mudgee New Project 2016   Y   3-4 Mt
(through-
put)
Silver ore 350
Broadmeadow
(mine life
extension)
BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) QLD 30 km N of Moranbah Expansion 2013     y 0.4 Mt Coking coal 874
Buckland Project Iron Ore Holdings WA Pilbara New project 2015 y     8000 kt Hematite 500-1000
Bullabulling Bullabulling Gold WA 65 km SW of Kalgoorlie

Re-
development

2016   Y   186 000 oz Gold 346
Bundi Coal Project MetroCoal QLD 20 km W of Wandoan New Project 2017   y   5 Mt Thermal coal 994
Burrup ammonium nitrate plant Orica / Yarra / Apache WA Burrup Peninsula New project 2015     y 330 kt Ammonium
nitrate
775
Butcherbird Montezuma Mining Company WA 120 km S of Newman New project n.a. y     750 kt Manganese 0-250
Byerwen Coal
Project
QCoal / JFE Steel Corporation QLD 20 km W of Glenden New Project 2015   y   10 Mt Coking coal 1591
Canegrass Nickelore WA 70 km NE of Kalgoorlie New project na y     20 kt Nickel-Cobalt 500-1000
Cape Lambert
port and rail expansion
Rio Tinto / Hancock Prospecting WA 40 km N of Karratha Expansion 2013     y 60 Mt Iron Ore 5166
Cape Lambert
port expansion
Rio Tinto / Hancock Prospecting WA 40 km N of Karratha Expansion 2015   y   70 Mt Iron Ore 3100
Carmichael Coal Project (mine and rail) Adani QLD 160 km NW of Clermont New Project 2016   y   60 Mt Thermal coal 7100
Carrapateena OZ Minerals Limited SA 250 km SE of Prominent Hill New project 2017 y     100, 100 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 1500 - 2500
Castle Hill Gold Project Phoenix Gold WA 43 km WNW of Kalgoorlie New project 2015   Y   100 000-120 000 oz Gold 110
Cataby Mineral Sands Iluka Resources WA 150 km N of Perth New project 2014 y     n.a.   Mineral sands 0-250
Caval Ridge BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) QLD SE of Moranbah New Project 2014     y 8 Mt Coking coal 1870
Central Eyre Iron Project Iron Road Ltd SA 150 km N of Port Lincoln New project n.a.   y   12.4 Mt Magnetite 2590
Central Murchison MetalsX WA 7 km W of Cue Re-
development
2016 y     95 000 oz Gold 117
Central Queensland Integrated Rail Project Aurizon Qld South Galilee Basin - Bowen New project 2015   y   n.a.   Black coal 2000
Central Tanami Tanami Gold NT 400 km W of Tennant Creek Re-
development
n.a. y     160 000 oz Gold 75
Charley Creek Crossland Uranium Mines NT 97 km WNW of Alice Springs New project 2016 Y     3645 t Rare earth elements 153
Charters Towers Citigold Qld Charters Towers Expansion 2017     Y 300 000 oz Gold 246
China First Coal project (Galilee
Coal Project)
Waratah Coal QLD 36 km NE of Jericho New Project 2017   y   40 Mt Thermal coal 8000
Coalpac consolidation
(Cullen Valley
and Invincible mines)
Coalpac NSW 25 km NW of Lithgow Expansion 2016   y   1.6 Mt Thermal coal 200
Cobbora Cobbora Holding Company NSW 5 km S of Cobbora New Project 2015   y   12 Mt Thermal coal 1262
Coburn Gunson Resources WA 250 km N of Geraldton New project 2014   Y   90, 40 kt, kt Ilmenite, zircon 192
Codrilla Peabody Energy QLD 62 km SE of Moranbah New Project 2017+   y   3.2 Mt PCI 500
Colton New Hope QLD 11 km N of Mary-
borough
New Project 2015   y   500 kt Coking coal 84
Comet Ridge Acacia Coal / Bandanna Energy QLD 20 km S of Comet New Project 2015   y   400 kt Thermal and
coking coal
50
Copper Hill
project
Golden Cross Resources NSW 35 km NW of Orange New project 2015 y     21, 58 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 420
Cowal Barrick Gold NSW 40 km NE of West Wyalong Expansion n.a. y     400 000 oz Gold (life of
mine)
58
CSBP expansion Wesfarmers WA Kwinana Expansion 2014     y 260 kt Ammonium
nitrate
550
Curragh Mine Wesfarmers QLD 14 km N of Blackwater Expansion n.a.   y   1.5-2 Mt Coking coal 200
Cyclone Diatreme Resources WA 300 km SE of Warburton New project 2016   y   65, 10, 47 kt, kt, kt Zircon, Hiti87,
Hiti68
223
Dargues Reef (Majors Creek) Unity Mining NSW 12 km S of Braidwood New project 2014     y 50 000 oz Gold 80
Darwin iron ore
berth
Darwin Ports NT Darwin Expansion n.a. y     5.5 Mt Iron Ore 250-500
Daunia BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) QLD 25 km SE of Moranbah New Project 2013     y 4.5 Mt Coking coal 1553
Daybreak Western Areas WA 130 km S of Southern Cross New project na y     4 kt Nickel 0-250
Diggers South Western Areas WA 100 km S of Southern Cross New project na   y   5.5 kt Nickel 100
Dingo West Bandanna Energy QLD 6 km W of Dingo Expansion 2014   y   1 Mt PCI and
thermal coal
135
Dinner Hill Potash West WA 130 km N of Perth New project 2018 y     85 kt SOP 650
Dolphin Tungsten Project King Island Scheelite TAS King Island Re-
development
2015   y   3.5 kt Tungsten 133
Donald Mineral Sands Project Astron Limited VIC 66 km NE of Horsham New project 2015   y   121, 340 kt, kt Zircon, TiO2 282
Dongara Tronox WA Eneabba New project 2015   y   200, 30, 30 kt, kt, kt Ilmenite, rutile, zircon 300
Doyles Creek Nucoal Resources / MMI NSW 15 km W of Singleton New Project n.a. y     4.8 Mt Thermal coal 727
Drake Coal
project
QCoal QLD 17 km S of Collinsville New Project 2014   y   6 Mt Thermal and
coking coal
350
Drayton South Anglo Coal Australia NSW 13 km S of Muswell-
brook
Expansion 2015   y   4 Mt Thermal coal 520
Dubbo Zirconia project Alkane Resources NSW Toongi, 20 km S of Dubbo New project 2016   y   16 kt Zircon 1064
Duchess Paradise Rey Resources WA 150 km SE of Derby New Project 2015   y   2.5 Mt Thermal coal 200
Dudgeon Point NQBP / Adani Qld 40 km N of Mackay New project n.a.   y   180 Mt Black coal 12000
Dugald River MMG Qld 87 km NE of Mt Isa New Project 2015     Y 200-220, 27-30, 900 000 kt, kt, oz Zinc, Copper,
Silver
1456
Duralie Extension project Yancoal Australia NSW 20 km S of Stratford Expansion n.a.   y   1.2 Mt Thermal and
semi-soft
coking coal
150
Eagle Downs
(Peak Downs East underground)
Aquila Resources / Vale QLD 25 km SE of Moranbah New Project 2016     y 4.5 Mt Coking coal 1254
Eaglefield Peabody Energy QLD 36 km N of Moranbah Expansion 2015   y   5.2 Mt Coking coal 700
Edna May underground Evolution WA Westonia Expansion n.a. y     50 000 oz Gold 0-250
Elimatta New Hope QLD 36 km W of Wandoan New Project 2016   y   5 Mt Thermal coal 600
Ellensfield coal
mine project
Vale QLD 175 km W of Mackay New Project n.a.   y   5.5 Mt Thermal and
coking coal
800
Eradu Iron Project Ferrowest WA 14 km E of Yalgoo New project 2016   y   1 Mt Pig iron 605
Esperance Port Esperance Port Authority WA Esperance Expansion n.a. y     10 Mt Iron Ore 0-250
Extension Hill magnetite project Asia Iron Holdings WA 330 km SE of Geraldton New project 2015   y   10 Mt Magnetite 2900
Fitzroy Terminal Mitchell Group Qld 50 km S of Rock-
hampton
New project 2016   y   22 Mt Black coal 1200
Four Mile Quasar Resources / Alliance Resources SA 550 km N of Adelaide new mine 2014     y 2300 t U3O8 98
Foxleigh Plains Project Anglo Coal Australia QLD 12 km SE of Middle-
mount
Expansion 2014   y   1.4 Mt PCI coal 180
Fusion Centrex / WISCO SA 20 km N of Tumby Bay New project 2015 y     5 Mt Magnetite 1500-2500
Gemco Phase 2 Expansion BHP Billiton / Samancor Manganese NT Groote Eylandt Expansion 2013     y 600 kt Manganese 270
Gidgee Gold Project Panoramic WA 82 km NNE of Sandstone New project 2015   Y   87 000 oz Gold 127
Gladstone Steel Plant Project (stage 1) Boulder Steel Qld Gladstone New project 2016   y   5 Mt Billet 2500
Goonyella System Expansion Project Aurizon Qld Bowen Basin to Mackay Expansion 2013     y 11 Mt Black coal 185
Goulburn Bauxite Project Australian Bauxite Ltd NSW 40 km N of Goulburn New Project 2015 y     n.a.   Bauxite 0 - 250
Grosvenor Phase 2 Anglo American QLD 8 km N of Moranbah Expansion 2017 y     6 Mt Coking coal 500 - 1000
Grosvenor underground Anglo American QLD 8 km N of Moranbah New Project 2013     y 5 Mt Coking coal 1650
Gullewa (Deflector gold- copper
project)
Mutiny Gold WA 200 km E of Geraldton New project n.a.   y   70 000 oz Gold 91
Hardey Aquila Resources WA 180 km SW of Panna-
wonica
New project 2016 y     10 Mt Hematite 1500-2500
Hawks Nest Magnetite Project Arrium SA 115 km S of Coober Pedy New project 2016   y   6 Mt Magnetite 1000
Hawsons Carpentaria Exploration NSW 60 km SW of Broken Hill New project n.a.   y   5 Mt Magnetite 2900
Hay Point Coal Terminal (phase 3) BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) Qld 20 km S of Mackay Expansion 2014     y 11 Mt Black coal 2710
Hazelwood magnesium
project
Latrobe Magnesium VIC 150 km E of Melbourne New project 2015   Y   5 kt Magnesium 45
Hazelwood magnesium
project
Latrobe Magnesium VIC 150 km E of Melbourne Expansion 2017 Y     35 kt magnesium 260
HBJ (SKO
expansion
stage 1)
Alacer Gold WA 30 km S of Kalgoorlie Expansion n.a.   y   100 000 oz Gold 25
Heemskirk Stellar Resources Tas Zeehan New project 2015 y     3.9 kt tin 0-250
Hera YTC Resources NSW 83 km SE of Cobar New project 2014     Y 50 000 oz Gold 74
Hillside Rex Minerals SA 81 km NW of Adelaide New project 2015   y   80, 60 000, 1.2 kt, oz, Mt Copper, Gold, Magnetite 800
Honeymoon Well Norlisk Nickel WA Near Wiluna New project 2017   y   45 kt Nickel 1500
Horizon 1 Atlas Iron WA Pilbara New project 2013     y 4.5 Mt Hematite 252
Horizon 2 Atlas Iron WA Pilbara New project 2017 y     31 Mt Hematite 1500-2500
Hunter Valley Corridor Capacity Strategy (Contracted) Australian Rail and Track Corporation NSW Hunter Valley Expansion various     y n.a.   Black coal 1025
Hunter Valley Corridor Capacity Strategy
(Proposed)
Australian Rail and Track Corporation NSW Hunter Valley Expansion various   y   n.a.   Black coal 3525
Iron Valley Project Iron Ore Holdings WA Pilbara New project n.a. y     15 Mt Hematite 250 - 500
Irvine Island Pluton Resources WA Irvine Island New project 2014   y   17 Mt Magnetite/
hematite
700
Jack Hills project (stage 2) Crosslands Resources WA 380 km NE of Geraldton Expansion 2015   y   23.4 Mt Magnetite 3700
Jax QCoal QLD 15 km S of Collinsville New Project n.a.   y   1.8 Mt Coking coal 280
Jellinbah East Jellinbah, Marubeni,
Sojitz
QLD 90 km E of Emerald Expansion 2015 y     2 Mt PCI and coking coal 75
Jervois Kentor Gold NT 272 km ENE of Alice Springs New project 2014   y   145 kt Copper 274
Jimblebar mine
and rail (WAIO)
BHP Billiton WA Pilbara New project 2014     y 35 Mt Hematite 5180
Jinidi BHP Billiton WA Pilbara New project 2015 y     60 Mt Hematite 5000+
Jundee Extension Newmont WA 44 km NE of Wiluna Extension 2014 Y     200 000 oz Gold 220
Kalgoorlie Nickel project Heron Resources WA 85 km N of Kalgoorlie New project na y     36.7 kt Nickel 1500-2500
Kalkaroo Havilah Resources SA 91 km WNW of Broken Hill New project 2015   y   44, 90 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 500
Karara Project expansion Gindalbie Metals / AnSteel WA 220 km E of Geraldton Expansion 2015   y   8 Mt Magnetite 1700
Kempfield Argent Minerals NSW 45 km SW of Bathurst New project 2015   y   2 Moz Silver 67
Kestrel Rio Tinto, Mitsui QLD 51 km NE of Emerald Expansion 2013     y 1.4 Mt Hard and semi hard coking coal 1942
Kevin's Corner GVK QLD Galilee Basin New Project 2016   y   30 Mt Thermal coal 4200
Keysbrook MZI Resources WA 70 km S Perth New project 2014   y   62, 29 kt, kt Leucoxene, zircon 0-250
Kingsgate Molybdenum-Bismuth project Aurex Exploration NSW 20 km E of Glen Innes New project n.a.   y   800, 100, 260 t, kt, t NH4MoO4, silica, bismuth 0-250
Kintyre Cameco / Mitsubishi WA 260 km NE of Newman new mine 2017+   y   3600 t U3O8 600
Koodaideri Project Rio Tinto WA Pilbara New project 2016   y   70 Mt Hematite 7000
Koongie Zinc
Copper Project
Anglo Australian SA 20 km SW of Halls Creek New project n.a. y     6, 15 kt, kt Copper, Zinc 0 - 250
Kooragang Island ammonium
nitrate facility
Orica NSW Newcastle Expansion 2015   Y   320 kt Ammonium nitrate 500-1000
Lady Loretta Xstrata Qld 140 km No of Mt Isa Expansion 2016     Y 42, 13 kt, kt Zinc, Lead 59
Lake Maitland Mega Uranium / JAURD / Itochu WA 130 km SE of Wiluna new mine 2017+ y     1000 t U3O8 250 - 500
Lake Vermont Jellinbah, Marubeni, Sojitz, AMCI QLD 20 km N of Dysart Expansion 2013     y 4 Mt Coking coal and PCI coal 200
Leonora Gold
project
Navigator Resources WA 30 km NE of Leonora New project n.a.   y   53 000 oz Gold 35
Little Eva - Roseby Altona Mining QLD 60 km NW of Cloncurry New project 2015   y   39, 17 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 320
Lucky Break Metallica Minerals / Metals Finance Qld 140 km W of Townsville New project na   y   0.66 kt Nickel 15
Maldorky Havilah Resources SA 300 km E od Port Pirie New project n.a. y     2.7 Mt Hematite 0-250
Marandoo Rio Tinto WA Pilbara Expansion 2014     y n.a.   Hematite 1070
Marda Southern Cross Goldfields WA 122 km N of Southern Cross New project 2014   y   35 000 oz Gold 25
Marillana Brockman Resources WA 100 km NW of Newman New project 2016   y   18.5 Mt Hematite 1900
Maules Creek Whitehaven NSW 18 km NE Boggabri New Project 2014   y   10.8 Mt Thermal and coking coal 766
McArthur River (phase 3) Xstrata NT 900 km SE of Darwin Expansion 2014     y 207, 51 kt Zinc, Lead 360
Merlin
Molybdenum-Rhenium
Phase 2
Ivanhoe Australia QLD 106 km S of Cloncurry New project 2015   y   5100, 7.2 t, t Molybdenum, rhenium 345
Metropolitan Peabody Energy NSW 30 km N of Wollongong Expansion 2015     y 1.5 Mt hard coking coal 70
Middlemount
(stage 2)
Peabody Energy / YanCoal QLD 6 km SW of Middle-
mount
Expansion n.a.   y   3.6 Mt Coking and PCI coal 500
Millennium Peabody Energy QLD 22 km E of Moranbah Expansion 2013     y 1.5 Mt Coking coal 270
Minyango Guangdong Rising Assets Management QLD 15 km N of Cook New Project 2014   y   7.5 Mt Thermal and coking coal 750
Molyhil (tungsten) Thor Mining NT 218 km NE of Alice Springs New project n.a.   y   2.2 kt Tungsten 70
Moolarben
(stage 2 - OC4,
UG1 and UG2)
Yancoal Australia NSW 40 km N of Mudgee Expansion n.a.   y   3 Mt Thermal coal 120
Moonshine
Magnetite
Macarthur Minerals WA 150 km NW of Kalgoorlie New project n.a. y     10 Mt Magnetite 2500-5000
Moorilda (McPhillamys) Regis NSW 35 km SE of Orange New project 2017 + y     140 000-160 000 oz Gold 0-250
Moorlands Cuesta Coal Limited QLD 25 km W of Clermont New Project 2016 y     2 Mt Thermal coal 250 - 500
Moranbah South project Anglo Coal Australia / Exxaro QLD 4 km S of Moranbah New Project 2018+ y     12 Mt Coking coal 1500 - 2500
Mount Carbine Carbine Tungsten QLD 120 km NW of Cairns New project 2014   y   260 000 mtu Tungsten 54
Mount Ida Jupiter Mines WA 230 km NW of Kalgoolie New project n.a. y     10 Mt Magnetite 1500-2500
Mount Mason Jupiter Mines WA 230 km NW of Kalgoolie New project 2014   y   2 Mt Hematite 73
Mount Morgan tailings project Norton Gold Fields Qld 33 km SW of Rock-
hampton
New project n.a.   y   25 000 oz Gold 60
Mount Peake TNG Limited NT 235 km NW of Alice Springs New project 2015   y   15.3, 375 kt, kt V205, TiO2 563
Mount Pleasant Project Rio Tinto / Mitsubishi NSW 6 km NW of Muswell-
brook
New Project n.a. y     10.5 Mt Thermal coal 2000
Moura Link -
Aldoga Rail
Aurizon Qld Moura/Surat to Mount Larcom New project 2013   y   n.a.   Black coal 1000
Mt Dore Ivanhoe Australia QLD 52 km S of Osborne New project n.a. y     19 kt Copper 83
Mt Elliot -
Open Pit
Ivanhoe Australia QLD 93km S of, Cloncurry New project 2015   y   16, 22 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 95
Mt Elliot - Swan
High Grade Zone
Ivanhoe Australia QLD 93 km S of, Cloncurry New project 2016   y   24, 43 000 kt, oz Copper, Gold 478
Mt Garnet Consolidated Tin Mines Qld 96 km SW of Cairns New project 2014 y     5 kt Tin 0-250
Mt Henry Panoramic Resources WA 20 km S of Norseman New project 2015   Y   116 000 oz Gold 195
Mt Lindsay Venture Minerals Tas 100 km SW of Burnie New project n.a.   Y   8 kt Tin 198
Mt Marion Lithium Project Reed Resources / Mineral Resources WA 40 km south west of Kalgoorlie New project n.a.   y   200 kt Lithium 83
Mt Penny Cascade Coal NSW 3 km N of Bylong New Project n.a. y     5 Mt Thermal coal 450
Mt Thorley - Warkworth
extension
Rio Tinto NSW 15 km SW of Singleton Expansion n.a.   y   0 Mt Thermal coal 629
Mt Todd Vista Gold NT 56 Km NW of Katherine Expansion 2016 y     260 000 oz Gold 656
Mt Webber Atlas Iron, Altura Mining WA Pilbara New project 2014   y   6 Mt Hematite 420
Mt Weld (phase 2) Lynas Corp WA 30 km S of Laverton Expansion n.a.   y   11 kt Rare earths 170
Mulga Rock Energy and Minerals Australia WA 250 km NE of Kalgoorlie new mine 2017+   y   1200 t U3O8 260
Nammuldi
expansion
Rio Tinto WA Pilbara Expansion 2014     y 26 Mt Hematite 2140
NCIG export
terminal (Newcastle Coal Infrastructure
Group)
(stage 3)
NCIG NSW Newcastle Expansion 2013     y 13 Mt Black coal 1000
New Acland
(stage 3)
New Hope Coal QLD 150 km W of Brisbane Expansion 2016   y   2.7 Mt Thermal coal 700
New Lenton New Hope Coal, MPC QLD 20 km E of Moranbah New Project 2016 y     n.a.   Coking coal 400
NiWest Nickel Laterite Heap
Leach project
GME Resources WA 50 km NE of Leonora New project na   y   32.5 kt Nickel-Cobalt 1100
Nolans Project
(mine and processing facility)
Arafura Resources NT 135 km NNW of Alice Springs New project n.a.   y   20 kt Rare earths 1000
North Mine Deeps Perilya NSW Broken Hill Expansion 2014 y     250-300 kt (through-
put)
Lead, Zinc 0 - 250
North Perth Basin Project (Boonanaring,
Atlas)
Image Resources WA 160 km N Cooljarloo New Project 2014   y   12, 7, 16, 8 kt, kt, kt, kt   84
North Surat - Collingwood
Project
Cockatoo Coal QLD 12 km NE of Wandoan New Project 2015   y   6 Mt Thermal coal 652
Northparkes
(step change expansion)
Rio Tinto NSW 25 km NW of Parkes Expansion 2016 y     90 kt Copper 500 - 1000
Norwood Coal
Mine
MetroCoal QLD 30 km SW of Wandoan New Project 2017 y     6.5 Mt Thermal coal 1000 - 1500
NRE No. 1 Colliery Gujarat NRE Coking Coal NSW 8 km N of Wollongong Expansion 2014   y   3 Mt Coking coal 250
NRE No. 1 Colliery (preliminary
works project)
Gujarat NRE Coking Coal NSW 8 km N of Wollongong Upgrade 2015     y nil   Coking coal 122
Nullagine
(Blue Spec)
Northwest Resources WA 26 km NE of Nullagine New project 2014   Y   70 000 oz Gold 34
Nyidinghu Fortescue Metals Group WA 100 km NW of Newman New project n.a. y     30 Mt Hematite 1500-2500
Nyidinghu Rail
Spur
Fortescue Metals group WA Pilbara New project n.a. y     n.a.   Iron Ore 500-1000
Oakajee Port &
Rail infrastructure
Oakajee Port and Rail (Murchison Metals and Mitsubishi) WA 20 km N of Geraldton New project 2018+ y     45 Mt Iron Ore 5000+
Oaky Creek
(phase 2)
Xstrata, Sumisho, Itochu, ICRA OC QLD 65 km NW of Blackwater Expansion n.a.   y   5 Mt Coking coal 650
Olympic Dam
project
BHP Billiton SA   Expansion 2018+ y     570, 14.5, 700 000 kt, kt, oz Copper,
U3O8, Gold
5000+
Orion Downs Endocoal QLD 60 km SE of Emerald New Project 2014   y   2.5 Mt Thermal coal 100
Panton PGM Panoramic Resources WA 60 km N of Halls Creek New project 2016+   y   83 000 oz Platinum group metals 167
Paradise
Phosphate project
Legend International Holdings QLD 5 km S of Mt Isa New project 2014   y   600 kt Phosphate 1775
Parker Range iron ore project Cazaly Resources WA 300 km W of Perth New project 2013   y   6 Mt Hematite 164
Pilbara
Independent Rail
Atlas Iron / Aurizon / Brockman Resources WA Pilbara New project 2015 y     n.a.   Iron Ore 2500-5000
Pilbara Project Flinders Mines WA 70 km NW of Tom Price New project n.a.   y   15 Mt Hematite 1100
Pilbara VMS
Province Project
Venturex Resources WA 120 km SW of Port Hedland New project 2014   y   16.5, 30, 200 000 kt, kt, oz Copper, Gold, Silver 234
Pilgangoora Altura Mining WA 85 km SSE of Port Hedland New project n.a. Y     150 kt Lithium 96
Pisolite Hills Cape Alumina QLD 50 km NE of Weipa New Project 2014   y   7 Mt Bauxite 380
Port
(55 - 155 Mtpa)
Fortescue Metals Group WA Port Hedland Expansion 2013     y 100 Mt Iron Ore 2300
Port Bonython Spencer Gulf Port Link SA Whyalla New project 2017   y   20 Mt Iron Ore 650
Port of Townsville Upgrade -
Berth 12
Port of Townsville Limited Qld Townsville Expansion 2016   y   n.a.   Various 120
Port of Townsville Upgrade -
Berth 8
Port of Townsville Limited / Xstrata Qld Townsville Expansion 2013     y n.a.   Copper 70
Port Spencer (Sheep Hill) Centrex Metals / WISCO SA 20 km N of Tumby Bay New project 2015   y   20 Mt Iron Ore n.a.
Potosi (Stage 2
and 3)
Perilya NSW 5 km ENE of Broken Hill Expansion 2013     y 45 kt Zinc, Lead 58
Project China
Stone
MacMines Austasia QLD 190 km NW of Moranbah New Project 2018+ y     45 Mt Thermal coal 5000+
Ragged Rock Magnetic Resources WA 100 km E of Perth New project n.a. y     2 Mt Magnetite 314
Rail (55 -
155 Mtpa)
Fortescue Metals Group WA Pilbara Expansion 2013     y 100 Mt Iron Ore 2300
Ranger 3 Deeps Energy Resources Australia NT 260 km E of Darwin expansion 2015 y     3000 t U3O8 250 - 500
Ravenswood (Sarsfield
open pit)
Resolute Mining Qld 92 km SSE of Townsville Expansion n.a.   Y   110 000 oz Gold 123
Ravensworth
North (Stage 1)
Xstrata, Itochu NSW 22 km NW of Singleton Expansion 2013     y 8 Mt Thermal and semi-soft
coal
1360
Renison
Expansion Project (Rentails)
Metals X Tas 15 km NE of Zeehan Expansion n.a.   Y   5 kt Tin 200
Ridley Magnetite project Atlas Iron WA 75 km E of Port Hedland New project n.a. y     15 Mt Magnetite 2500-5000
Rocklands Copper project CuDeco QLD 17 km WNW of Cloncurry New project 2013     y 3 Mt (ROM) Copper Ore 250
Rolleston
(phase 1)
Xstrata, Sumisho, IRCA QLD 16 km W of Rolleston Expansion 2014     y 3 Mt Thermal coal 391
Rolleston
(phase 2)
Xstrata, Sumisho, IRCA QLD 16 km W of Rolleston Expansion n.a.   y   3 Mt Thermal coal 400
Roper Bar Western Desert Resources NT 90 km W of Port Roper New project 2013     y 3 Mt Hematite 180
Roper River
Iron Ore project
Sherwin Iron NT 325 km SE of Darwin New project 2014   y   6 Mt Hematite 267
Rover 1 MetalsX NT 98 km WSW of Tennant Creek New project 2015 y     60 000 oz Gold 100
Roy Hill Hancock Prospecting WA Pilbara New project 2015   y   55 Mt Hematite 9500
Sarum Xstrata, Itochu, ICRA NCA, Sumisho QLD 20 km S of Collinsville New Project 2014   y   6.5 Mt Thermal and coking coal 1000
SCONI Metallica Minerals Qld 250 km NW of Townsville New project 2016 y     6 kt Nickel-Cobalt 500-1000
Sconi (Phase 1) Metallica Minerals Qld 80 km W of Tully New project 2015   Y   65 kt Scandium 247
Sherlock Bay Australasian Resources / Metals Australia WA 100 km E of Karratha New project na y     9 kt Nickel 0-250
Silver Lake Great Southern WA 18 km SE of Ravens-thorpe New project 2017+ y     30 000, 360 000 oz Gold, Silver 133
Sino Iron Project CITIC Pacific Mining WA Cape Preston New project 2013     y 24 Mt Magnetite 8400
Solomon Hub
(stage I)
Fortescue Metals Group WA Pilbara New project 2013     y 60 Mt Hematite 3100
Solomon Hub
(stage II)
Fortescue Metals Group WA Pilbara Expansion n.a. y     50 Mt Hematite 2500-5000
Sorby Hills
(Stage 1)
Kimberley Metals WA 50 km N of Kununurra New project 2016 Y     21, 715 kt, koz Lead, Silver 70
South Galilee
Coal Project
(3 phases)
Bandanna Energy QLD 180 km W of Emerald New Project 2015   y   17 Mt Thermal coal 4150
South of Embley Project Rio Tinto Alcan QLD 45 km SW of Weipa Expansion 2016   y   22.5 Mt Bauxite 1400
South West Creek Development North West Infrastructure WA Port Hedland Expansion n.a. y     50 Mt Iron Ore 2500-5000
Southdown
Magnetite iron
ore project
Grange Resources / Sojitz WA 90 km NE of Albany New project n.a. y     10 Mt Magnetite 2500-5000
Spinifex Ridge molybdenum/
copper project
Moly Mines WA 50 km NE of Marble Bar New project n.a. y     4.7 kt Molybdenum 250-500
Springsure Creek (stage 1) Bandanna Energy QLD 36 km SE of Emerald New Project 2015   y   5.5 Mt Thermal coal 743
Springsure Creek (stage 2) Bandanna Energy QLD 36 km SE of Emerald Expansion 2018+   y   5.5 Mt Thermal coal 437
Stockman Project Independence VIC 18 km ESE of Benambra New project 2015   y   19, 25, 350 000 kt, kt, oz Copper, Zinc, Silver 185
Stratford Yancoal Australia NSW 95 km N of Newcastle Extension 2014   y   2.6 Mt Thermal and coking coal 75
Styx Waratah Coal, Queensland Nickel QLD N of Rock-
hampton
New Project n.a. y     1.5 Mt PCI and thermal coal 0 - 250
Surat Basin Rail (Southern Missing Link) Aurizon / ATEC / Xstrata Coal Qld Wandoan to Theodore (210 km) New project n.a. y     42 Mt Black coal 1000-1500
Talwood Coking
Coal Project
Aquila Resources QLD 40 km N of Moranbah New Project 2016 y     3.6 Mt PCI and thermal coal 700
Tanami project Newmont NT 600 km NW of Alice Springs Expansion 2017   Y   75 000 oz Gold 450
Taroborah Shenhuo International QLD 22 km W of Emerald New Project 2015+   y   2.3 Mt Coking coal 400
Taronga Tin Project Ausnico NSW 4 km W of Emmaville New project 2016 Y     3.7 Mt Tin ore 95
Taroom Cockatoo Coal QLD 3 km SE of Taroom New Project n.a.   y   8 Mt Thermal coal 1120
Tarrawonga Expansion Whitehaven NSW 15 km NE of Boggabir Expansion n.a.   y   1 Mt Thermal and PCI coal 142
Teresa Linc Energy QLD 17 km N of Emerald New Project 2016   y   8 Mt PCI coal 750
Thaduna/Green Dragon Copper Project Ventnor Resources WA 175 km NE of Meekatharra New Project 2014 y     15 kt Copper 0 - 250
The Range Project Stanmore Coal QLD 24 km SE of Wandoan New Project 2016   y   5 Mt Thermal coal 505
Togara North Xstrata QLD 40 km S of Comet New Project 2017 y     6 Mt Thermal coal 800
Tomingley (Wyoming)
gold project
Alkane Exploration NSW 55 km SW of Dubbo New project 2014     Y 50 000 oz Gold 116
Tropicana Joint Venture Project AngloGold Ashanti/ Independence Group WA 230 km SE of Laverton New project 2013     y 480 000 oz Gold 845
Tunkilla Mungana Gold Mines SA 600 km N of Adelaide New project n.a. y     64 000 oz Gold 136
Ulan West Xstrata, Mitsubishi NSW 42 km NNE of Mudgee Expansion 2014     y 6.7 Mt Thermal coal 1068
Ularring Hematite Macarthur Minerals WA 115 km W of Menzies New project 2014   y   2000 kt Hematite 263
Unicorn Dart Mining Vic 150 km SW of Canberra New project 2016 Y     10 Mt (ROM) Molybdenum 304
United Project Xstrata, CFMEU NSW 17 km W of Singleton Expansion 2015 y     4 Mt Semi-soft coking coal 250 - 500
Urquhart Point Oresome Australia (Metallica Minerals) QLD 5 km SW of Weipa New project 2014   y   200 kt Zircon/rutile 250
Utah Point Expansion Atlas Iron WA Port Hedland Expansion 2013     y 2 Mt Iron Ore 60
Valhalla Summit Resources / Paladin Resources Qld 40 km N of Mt Isa new mine 2017+ y     4100 t U3O8 250 - 500
Vermont East/Wilunga Peabody Energy QLD 75 km NE of Clermont New Project 2015   y   3 Mt PCI and thermal 300
Vickery Whitehaven NSW 22 km N of Gunnedah New Project 2014   y   4.5 Mt Thermal and coking coal 206
Wagerup Unit 3 Refinery Expansion Alcoa WA 100 km S of Perth Expansion n.a.   y   2.1 Mt Alumina 1500 - 2500
WAIO optimisation (port blending and rail yards) BHP Billiton WA Port Hedland Expansion 2014     y n.a.   Iron Ore 2500
Wallarah underground longwall Korea Resources Corp / Sojitz Corp NSW NW of Wyong New Project n.a.   y   5 Mt Thermal coal 700
Wandoan opencut
(phase 1)
Xstrata, Itochu, Sumisho Coal QLD 60 km N of Miles New Project 2015 y     22 Mt Thermal coal 6000
Wards Well BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) QLD 29 km SW of Glenden New Project 2017   y   5 Mt Coking coal 795
Washpool
coal project
Aquila Resources QLD 60 km NE of Emerald New Project n.a.   y   2.6 Mt Coking coal 368
Watermark Shenhua Energy NSW 35 km SE of Gunnedah New Project 2015   y   6.15 Mt Thermal coal 978
Watershed Tungsten project Vital Metals QLD 150 km NW of Cairns New project n.a.   y   195 000 mtu Tungsten 69
Webbs Silver Project Silver Mines NSW 13 km NW Emmaville New project 2016 y     5.2 Moz Silver 65
West Pilbara Aquila Resources / AMCI WA Pilbara New project n.a. y     30 Mt Hematite 7400
West Wallsend Colliery Xstrata - Oceanic Coal Australia, Marubeni Coal, JFE Minerals NSW 19 km W of Newcastle Expansion n.a.   y   n.a.   Thermal and coking coal 260
Westmoreland Laramide Resources Qld 156 km NW of Burketown new mine 2017+ y     1400 t U3O8 250 - 500
White Range Queensland Mining Corporation QLD 35 km S of Cloncurry New project 2016   y   15 kt Copper 0 - 250
Whylla Port Expansion Arrium SA Whyalla Expansion 2013     y 7 Mt Iron Ore 200
Wiggins Island Coal Terminal (stage 1) Wiggins Island Coal Export Terminal Qld Gladstone New project 2014     y 27 Mt Black coal 2400
Wiggins Island Coal Terminal (stage 2 and 3) Wiggins Island Coal Export Terminal Qld Gladstone New project 2017 y     54 Mt Black coal 1500-2500
Wiggins Island rail project Aurizon Qld Gladstone New project 2015     y 27 Mt Black coal 900
Wilcherry Hill (stage 2) Ironclad Mining/Trafford Resources SA 100 km W of Port Augusta Expansion n.a. y     2.5 Mt Magnetite 250-500
Wilkie Creek Peabody Energy QLD 40 km W of Dalby Expansion 2016 y     10 Mt Thermal coal 500 - 1000
Wiluna Uranium Project Toro Energy WA 30 km S of Wiluna new mine 2014   y   820 t U3O8 280
Wiluna West (stage 1-3) Golden West Resources WA 40 km W of Wiluna New project 2016 y     7 Mt Hematite 1500-2500
WIM 150 Mineral Sands Project Australian Zircon / Austpac Resources NL VIC 20 km SE of Horsham New project n.a.   y   80, 85 kt, kt Ilmenite, zircon 250
Winchester South Rio Tinto QLD 40 km S of Moranbah New Project 2016 y     4 Mt Thermal and coking coal 500 - 1000
Windarra Project (Phase 1) Poseidon Nickel WA Near Laverton Expansion 2014   y   9600, 15 000, 35 000 t, oz, oz Nickel, Gold, Silver 250
Wingellina Metals X WA 900 km of NE of Kalgoorlie New project na   y   40 kt Nickel-Cobalt 2500
Wonarah Phosphate Rock Project Minemakers NT 240 km E of Tennant Creek New project 2016   y   1 Mt Phosphate 375
Wongai Project Aust-Pac Capital QLD 150 km NW of Cooktown New Project n.a.   y   1.5 Mt Coking coal 500
Wongawilli Colliery Gujarat NRE Coking Coal NSW 12 km W of Port Kembla Expansion 2016   y   3 Mt Coking coal 82
Woodlawn Retreatment Project TriAusMin NSW 35 km SSW of Goulburn Re-
development
2014     y 3, 5, 22 kt , kt, kt Copper, Lead, Zinc 93
Woori Cockatoo Coal QLD 19 km S of Wandoan New Project 2016   y   n.a.   Thermal coal 520
Yamarna Gold Project (Central Bore) Gold Road WA 140 km NE of Laverton New project 2014 Y     35 000 oz Gold 40
Yandicoogina Rio Tinto WA Pilbara Expansion 2014     y 4 Mt Hematite 1700
Yarwun Coal Terminal
(Stage 1)
Metro Coal / 3TL Qld Gladstone New project 2018+ y     25 Mt Black coal 1500 - 2500
Yeelirrie Cameco WA 500 km N of Kalgoorlie new mine 2017   y   3500 t U3O8 650
Yogi Mine Project Ferrowest WA 14 km E of Yalgoo New project 2016   y   4.5 Mt Magnetite 1060
Yogi Mine Project railway Ferrowest WA Midwest New project n.a. y     3 Mt Iron Ore 0-250