A standards organisation, sometimes referred to as a standards body, is an organisation with authority to endorse official standards for given applications.
Some examples of standards organisations that Geoscience Australia participates in are:
- International Organisation for Standardization (ISO)
- Standards Australia (Australian representative on ISO)
- Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
- The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
Standards that Geoscience Australia contributes to:
- The development of the building codes that ensure that all buildings are resistant to earthquakes and cyclones.
- Tsunami capabilities and the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre which are underpinned by standards coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) within UNESCO.
- The Digital Earth Australia platform uses Discrete Global Grid Systems (DGGS)
- The International Geological Data Model - GeoSciML, was developed in consultation with the Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information (CGI). The Australian Government Geoscience Information Committee (GGIC), representing all state and territory geological surveys and Geoscience Australia, has endorsed GeoSciML as the Australian geological data transfer standard.
- IHO S-121 Maritime Limits and Boundaries Data Exchange is being developed by Geoscience Australia in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea and the S-121 Project Team.
The use of common terminology and common data element definitions enables the integration of databases, and promotes more efficient and effective use of data by users of commonly defined data from disparate sources. The use of 'Best Practice' documents also supports standardisation.
- AusGeoRef: Includes more than 170,000 bibliographic references to Australian geoscience literature.
- Australian Stratigraphic Units Database: This database provides the primary national standard for geological names in Australia. It records information on all Australian stratigraphic units and their usage in literature, making it a centralised reference point for all Australian stratigraphic unit information. The database is also the repository for definition descriptions for these units.
- Arcview: AVP and ArcGIS geoscience style symbols for PC platform [ZIP 4MB]
- Best practice manual for gravity surveys (includes data interchange standard for point data)
- The Spatial Data Dictionary (2004) is a specification for the capture of geoscientific spatial data created in 2004. It describes fields for each feature type in a database, containing the themes created from Geoscience Australia's databases. It forms a foundation for the production of geoscientific spatial data by specifying rules regarding the structure of such data.
- Standard geological map colours [ZIP 765KB] In the 1980s, Geoscience Australia's predecessor, the Bureau of Mineral Resources (BMR), published an Australian standard colour scheme for geological maps. However, the increasing complexity of geological maps published in recent years has meant that maintaining a single colour scheme for all geological maps is no longer practical. The BMR colour scheme may, however, be applied to some geological maps as a rough guide.
- Symbols used on geological maps: This publication, published by the Bureau of Mineral Resources (BMR), presents standard and special (preferred) geological map symbols that are for use at all stages of map preparation and publication. Drafting specifications are included. The symbols were endorsed by the Chief Government Geologists' Conference, 1988.
- Geoscience Australia Topographic Data and Map Specifications: This publication is made up of three main sections; Section 1 defines the feature based model used for the National Topographic Database, Section 2 provides the rules and guidelines for the generation of the Geoscience Australia 1:100 000 and 1:250 000 National Topographic Map Series products and Section 3 provides information on a variety of topics related to revision processes and materials, model structure, general concepts in relation to data capture and attribution.
For more information on Data Standards in GA please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org