Minerals and Energy
Australia is a leading producer of mineral and energy resources for the world.
Minerals are natural, inorganic substances. They have distinct physical and chemical properties and crystal structures. Mineral compositions can be expressed either by a chemical formula indicating the elements present and proportions in which they are combined such as SiO2, or by name such as quartz. Minerals vary from simple, pure elements like gold, copper, silver, carbon and sulphur, to complex compounds that have many forms. Common minerals that occur in the Earth’s crust include quartz, feldspar, mica and calcite. Minerals may occur as single crystals or collections of crystals. Rocks are made from one or more minerals.
Australian mineral facts Information for students about Australian minerals including properties, uses, history, formation, resources, and mining and processing.
Mineral Basics A summary of information on mineral resources and production in Australia, the history of mining, uses of minerals, the mineral pipeline, and international trade.
Mineral Resources Detailed information on mineral resources in Australia, including uses, regularly updated production and export figures, resource estimates and links to precompetitive products to facilitate exploration activity.
Energy can be derived from a number of different sources found on land (onshore) and below the oceans (offshore). Australian energy resources include petroleum, coal, uranium and thorium, as well as geothermal energy and other renewable energy resources. Geoscience Australia's work is specifically involved in areas such as geothermal energy, petroleum based energy, uranium and thorium and other less developed forms of potential energy.
Energy Basics Our energy resources power our homes, cars and industry, and are a key contributor to Australia's economic prosperity. Australia is well endowed with an abundance of both non-renewable and renewable fuels.
Energy Resources Discoveries of new energy resources (petroleum, coal, uranium, thorium and geothermal energy) can be assisted by an understanding of geology and underground structures.
- Petroleum Resources
- Coal Resources
- Uranium and Thorium Resources
- Greenhouse Gas Storage information
- Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide factsheet
- Geothermal Energy Resources
- Other Renewable Energy Resources
- Direct-use of Geothermal Energy: Opportunities for Australia factsheet
- Electricity Generation from Geothermal Energy in Australia factsheet
- Teacher Earth Science Education Programme
- Australian Science Teachers Association
- Earth Learning Idea
- Oresome Resources