Abstract

The Australian Calibration Line (ACL) , with a total gravity interval of 3 Gal, was established during 1970 between Laiagam in Papua New Guinea and Hobart in Tasmania. During 1973 the Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources and the USSR Geodesy and Cartography Survey made joint observations along the full length of the ACL. Measurements made with eight Soviet GAG-2 gravity meters established a gravity scale for Australia to an accuracy of 2.5 parts in 105. This scale and a datum of 979 671.86 mGal for Sydney A were adopted for Australia in 1973. The Soviet scale established for the ACL appears to be within 1 part in 104 of both the IGSN71 scale established for the Western Pacific Calibration Line by absolute determinations, pendulum measurements and international gravity meter comparisons, and the scale established for the Soviet Calibration Line by OVM pendulums. The Soviet scale for the ACL defines a milligal which is 1.5 parts in 104 larger than that defined by IGSN71 values for the ACL, and 5 parts in 104 larger than the 1965 Mean Australian Milligal that was used as an Australian milligal standard between 1965 and 1973. Both of these scales are partly based on Cambridge pendulum measurements made in Australia during 1950-51. These measurements are now thought to have been incorrect in scale. LaCoste, Romberg gravity meters have been used during six surveys along the whole or part of the ACL. The LaCoste observations have been reduced using the Soviet ACL scale and the new datum for Sydney A. The most probable values for airport gravity stations, calculated from the LaCoste results, have a precision of better than 0.01 mGal and are consistent to within experimental error with values calculated from the GAG-2 results. LaCoste observations reduced using the Soviet ACL scale give more accurate values for the gravity differences of the main intra-city ties and calibration ranges along the ACL.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -9.0 East bound 156.0 West bound 110.0 South bound -44.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1974-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

118 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/118/

Keywords

GA Publication
Bulletin
gravity
AU
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-9.0
East bound
156.0
West bound
110.0
South bound
-44.0

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-fd95-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).