Citation

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Stott, P.M., 1971. The stability of magnetisation in basic igneous rocks. Bulletin  129. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Canberra.

Abstract

Special demagnetising apparatus was constructed to study the stability of several samples of basic igneous rocks from three localities in eastern Australia, particular emphasis being placed on the reliability of the directions of NRM. The direction of primary magnetisation acquired when the rocks first cooled was determined for samples at all three sites. Mesozoic dolerite from Red Hill Dyke in southern Tasmania has little or no secondary magnetisation and the mean direction of NRM is representative of the Jurassic in Tasmania. There is no evidence of systematic error due to stress or shape, and therefore the direction of NRM is a reliable estimate of the direction of the geomagnetic field at the time of intrusion. Devonian Nethercote basalt from southern New South Wales can be divided into two distinct groups, one in which the NRM is completely unaffected in either direction or intensity by demagnetisation in peak alternating fields of up to 1000 oersteds, and the other in which secondary magnetisation completely masks any primary magnetisation that may be present. Tertiary basalts from southern New South Wales show a wide range of stability. The NRM consists of primary TRM and varying proportionate amounts of secondary magnetisation, which is almost certainly viscous and which was probably acquired in the present Earth's field. The stability shown by the three rock types makes it more probable that previous palaeomagnetic results, which span a long period from Devonian to Tertiary, form a reliable record of the geomagnetic field in Australia.The general effects of alternating demagnetising fields are also discussed and a comparison made between the theoretical predictions and the data obtained.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -34.0 East bound 151.0 West bound 147.0 South bound -43.5
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Bulletin

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1971

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Bulletin
magnetics
geology
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-34.0
East bound
151.0
West bound
147.0
South bound
-43.5

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Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

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distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-7fbf-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

1996-10-29

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

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pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

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1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
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