Citation

Geoscience Australia provides most of its products for free under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence. We only require that you reference the use of our data or information using the following citation:
Nye, P.B. & Mead, G.F., 1952. Australian resources of sulphur-bearing minerals. Bulletin  005. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Canberra.

Abstract

Sulphur is a non-metallic element which occurs in the free form as native sulphur and in combination with metals as sulphides and sulphates. The principal sulphide minerals used, or usable, for their sulphur content are those of iron (pyrite, pyrrhotite and marcasite), copper and iron (chalcopyrite), lead (galena) and zinc (sphalerite and the iron-bearing varieties known as marmatite). The principal sulphate minerals are those of calcium (anhydrite and gypsum) and of potassium and aluminium (alunite). Sulphuric acid is made in large quantities from sulphide minerals; either by roasting pyrite concentrates specifically for that purpose, by roasting or smelting base-metal ores and concentrates, or, in smaller quantities, from sulphate minerals as a co-product of cement manufacture. Sulphur is used principally for making sulphuric acid (94% in 1949), which is one of the most important substances in modern chemical industry. Sulphuric acid is made in Australia and consumed almost entirely in the manufacture of chemical fertilizers (mainly superphosphate) for the agricultural and pastoral industries. In more industrialized countries, a considerable amount of sulphuric acid is used in heavy industries. Sulphur-bearing materials used to make sulphuric acid include- Brimstone-native sulphur (100% sulphur); pyrite or pyrite concentrates iron sulphide (50% sulphur); zinc concentrate zinc sulphide (32% sulphur); anhydrite calcium sulphate (23.6% sulphur). Australia has no deposits of native sulphur. It imports brimstone and also uses domestic pyrite concentrates and zinc concentrates. Fortunately, Australia has several large deposits of sulphide materials. The largest are at Mount Isa and Mount Morgan, in Queensland, Broken Hill and Captain's Flat in New South Wales, Mount Lye11 and Read-Rosebery in Tasmania, Nairne in South Australia, and Norseman in Western Australia.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -10.0 East bound 155.0 West bound 112.0 South bound -44.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Bulletin

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1952

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Bulletin
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-10.0
East bound
155.0
West bound
112.0
South bound
-44.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

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distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-fe88-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2014-02-14

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

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pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
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1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
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