Abstract

Norfolk Island in the southwest Pacific Ocean has an area of 35 k m2 and rises to an altitude of just over 300 m. It is an erosional remnant of a volcanic complex consisting of subaerial basaltic lava flows and pyroclastics built on a submarine pile of hyaloclastite deposits and pillow lavas. A deep weathering profile has developed in the volcanic succession since eruptive activity ceased during the late Pliocene 2.3 Ma ago. Throughout the island there is an upper water table aquifer in porous alluvium and weathered basaltic rock. At the base of the weathered profile groundwater moves towards sea level through a complex network of fractures and other interconnected openings in volcanic bedrock. Semi-confined aquifers occur in fractured basalt flows and interbedded basaltic pyroclastics (tuffs and agglomerates). However, the extent and quality of deep groundwater below sea level needs more evaluation. The groundwater storage on Norfolk Island is tapped by more than 450 wells and bores.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -28.75 East bound 168.0 West bound 167.55 South bound -29.04
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1991-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

31 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/31/

Keywords

GA Publication
Bulletin
hydrogeology
marine
NF
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-28.75
East bound
168.0
West bound
167.55
South bound
-29.04

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-feeb-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links