Citation

Exon, N., Hill, P., Keene, J., Chaproniere, G., Howe, R., Harris, P.T., Heap, A.D. & Leach, A., 2002. Basement Rocks and Younger Sediments on the Southeast Australian Continental Margin : RV Franklin cruise FR3/01. Record  2002/006. Geoscience Australia, Canberra.

Abstract

Overall, the cruise met its objectives of studying rift and drift sedimentation, and obtaining cores for palaeo-oceanography. The east Tasmanian seismic program was completely successful. The planned sampling program was somewhat curtailed by bad weather, equipment failures and other factors. It was least successful off east Tasmania. A total of about 1300 km of 8-fold multichannel seismic data were acquired along 8 transects across the east Tasmanian margin. The quality of the seismic profiles was excellent, with good resolution and penetration, given the bad weather and the limitations of the acquisition system. The seismic source comprised 2 GI airguns (each 45/105 cu. in. capacity) giving a penetration of 2-2.5 s twt (2.5-3 km) in places. The seismic profiles indicate a structurally complex margin with rugged basement relief that includes large-scale horst/graben structures and volcanic intrusions. The sedimentary section on the continental slope is at least 1.5 s twt thick in some graben and includes Campanian-Paleocene early sag-phase deposits, which are 0.5-1.0 s twt thick. Regional compressive tectonism in the Late Paleocene-Early Eocene has produced widespread inversion (folding/faulting) in this succession. A wedge of Neogene shallow-water carbonates underlies the continental shelf. It shows seaward progradation and attains a maximum thickness of ~700 m beneath the shelf edge. Oceanic basement (?Campanian) adjacent to the margin lies at a depth of 7.0-7.5 s twt. The continental rise and Tasman Abyssal Plain in this zone are underlain by 1.5-2.0 s twt of post-breakup sedimentary section. The East Tasman Saddle is underlain by `transitional? basement and contains a sedimentary section of similar thickness. During the sampling program 58 of 86 stations were successful: 38 gravity cores (21 successful), 4 piston cores (3), 16 dredges (7) and 28 grabs (28). Total core recovery was 81.4 metres from the 16 successful cores taken in soft sediments, an average recovery of about 5 metres. The fairly low success rate with the gravity corer can be ascribed to problems with foram sand east of Tasmania, and shelly sand in Storm Bay. The low success rate with the dredge was related to the lightness of the gear. The deployment of the heavy piston corer for the first time on Franklin was successful. However, we did not attempt to piston core in deep water. East of Tasmania we recovered 8 gravity cores, and 7 dredge hauls. Deepwater dredging and coring were surprisingly unsuccessful. The upper slope stations, designed to sample older rocks, were reasonably successful. From these results and some existing information, general conclusions can be drawn about changes along the margin with increasing water depth. The shelf and upper slope wedge of Neogene, seaward-prograding sediments was sampled out to 1640 m. The sediments recovered include muddy sand, clayey sandstone with siliceous nodules, siliceous sandstone and calcarenite. The calcarenite is presumably part of the Middle Miocene shelf limestone sequence that is widespread off St Helens. Somewhat deeper on the upper slope, basement outcrops occur in steep slopes: granite, arkose, metasediments, conglomerate, quartz sandstone and gritty mudstone. The granites are probably from Devonian batholiths like those onshore up the east coast. Volcanic rocks and conglomerate form a basement block in deeper water on a ridge off northeast Tasmania at ~3750m. Deepwater outcrop ridges support manganese nodules and crusts. Nannofossil oozes cling to the slope, particularly in local basins, and are ubiquitous in deep water. The East Australian Current apparently winnows many of the oozes to form a blanket of foram sand.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -38.0 East bound 151.0 West bound 140.0 South bound -44.5
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays

Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Record

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2002

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Record
marine
marine survey
continental margins
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-38.0
East bound
151.0
West bound
140.0
South bound
-44.5

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-b6aa-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2002-03-19

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays