Abstract

For our understanding of interactions between living organisms and the solid earth it is fascinating to investigate the reactivity of iron at the interface of the bio- and geosphere. Similar to manganese (chapter 11) iron occurs in two valence states as oxidized ferric iron, Fe(III), and reduced ferrous iron, Fe(II). Two principal biological processes are of importance: Microorganisms such as magnetotactic bacteria and phytoplankton (see chapter 2 and section 7.3) depend on the uptake of iron as a prerequisite for their cell growth (assimilation). Others conserve energy from the reduction of Fe(III) to maintain their metabolic activity (dissimilation). In this case ferric iron serves as an electron acceptor which is also termed oxidant. Apart from biotic reactions manifold abiotic reactions occur depending on thermodynamic and kinetic conditions. Due to redox-reactions dissolution and precipitation of iron-bearing minerals may result which has great influence on the sorption/desorption and co-precipitation/release behavior of various components such as phosphate and trace metals. From a geologic point of view it is striking to find discrete iron enriched layers such as black shales or strata of the banded iron formation, which challenge geochemists to reconstruct the environmental conditions of their formation.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound East bound West bound South bound
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays

Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset - External Publication - Article

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2006

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

External Publication
Article
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-ca44-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2005-05-17

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays