Citation

Skirrow, R.G., 2005. Gawler Craton Mineral Promotion Project Plan, 2000-2004. Record  2005/016. Geoscience Australia, Canberra.

Abstract

The Gawler Craton has been defined as that region of South Australia where Archaean to Mesoproterozoic crystalline basement has undergone no substantial deformation (except minor brittle faulting) since 1450 Ma (Figure 1; Thomson, 1975; Parker, 1993; Daly et al, 1998). The eastern and southeastern boundaries conventionally are defined by the Torrens Hinge Zone (THZ), although Gawler Craton basement that was deformed during the Delamerian Orogeny is known to the east of the THZ (eg Barossa Complex, Peake and Denison Inliers). The southern boundary corresponds to the inboard edge of the continental shelf. The Gawler Craton and the East Antarctic Craton are rifted segments of the Mawson Continent (Fanning et al, 1995). Western, northwestern and northern boundaries of the Gawler Craton are defined by the faulted margins of thick Neoproterozoic and younger basins. As a consequence of the extensive surficial and sedimentary basin cover, the level of understanding of the craton's geology and prospectivity are limited in comparison with most other Australian Archaean and Proterozoic cratons. Application of high-resolution regional aeromagnetic surveying during the mid-1990s (South Australian Exploration Initiative - SAEI), for the first time allowed an integrated interpretation and synthesis of the geology of the craton (Fairclough and Daly, 1995a; Fairclough and Daly, 1995b; Schwarz, 1996). A revised interpretation of the tectonic evolution of the Gawler Craton incorporating SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology, was presented by Daly et al (1998). Three principal orogenies have been proposed: The Sleafordian Orogeny (peak metamorphism at ~2420-2440 Ma), the Kimban Orogeny (KD1-KD2-KD3: 1845-1700 Ma), and the Kararan Orogeny (~1650 Ma and 1565-1540 Ma). It has been suggested that the Kararan Orogeny in the western and northern Gawler Craton represents the continental collision of the 'eastern proto-Yilgarn' and the Mawson Continent (Daly et al, 1998). The geodynamic significance of the Sleafordian and Kimban Orogenies is unclear. Subdivision of the Gawler Craton into tectonic domains has evolved as further information has become available (Figure 1; eg Parker, 1993; Flint and Parker, 1982; Drexel et al, 1993; Teasdale, 1997). In general the definition and nature of the domain boundaries are not well understood - addressing this problem is a key objective of the Gawler Craton Project. The resultant framework will be important for assessing prospectivity because the ore-forming systems are products of crustal-scale processes that may vary between tectonic domains. The contents of this GA Record were written in 2000, and were presented on the Gawler Project website prior to the publication of this GA Record.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -28.0 East bound 139.0 West bound 131.0 South bound -36.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Record

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2005

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Record
geochemistry
geochronology
metallogenesis
mineral deposits
mineral exploration
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-28.0
East bound
139.0
West bound
131.0
South bound
-36.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

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distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-f009-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2005-08-31

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

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pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays