Abstract

Lord Howe Island is a volcanic island, rising to over 800 m, draped with Late Quaternary submarine and subaerial carbonate sediments. The island and neighbouring islets lie within a chain of seamounts and is presently at or close to the latitudinal limit to coral reef growth. Lord Howe Island and adjacent Balls Pyramid, composed of the basalts erupted around 6 million years ago, sit near the middle of broad shelves on separate peaks of one major volcanic edifice. The central part of the Lord Howe Island is covered by calcarenite that was deposited primarily as dunes (eolianite), but with isolated beach units. Uranium-series, amino acid racemisation, and thermoluminescence dating indicate that many of these were deposited during marine oxygen isotope stage 5. Eolianite units stratigraphically below the beach deposits are of penultimate interglacial, or in places perhaps older, age. Different suites of erosional landforms are associated with different lithologies. Towering plunging cliffs characterise the resistant Mount Lidgbird Basalt, in some cases fringed with large talus slopes. On less resistant lithologies or where nearshore topography means greater wave force as a result of waves breaking, there are shore platforms. Slumping cliffs abut broad erosional platforms on the poorly lithified calcarenite. A fringing reef on the western side of Lord Howe Island, the southernmost coral reef in the Pacific, is dominated by coral and coralline algae.Carbonate sediments veneering the shelf around the islands contain a more temperate biota. Located at the southern limit of reef-forming seas, but apparently having undergone erosion for much of its history outside of reef seas, Lord Howe Island provides insights into marine planation of volcanic islands close to what has been termed the Darwin Point. It represents the initial stages of fringing reef development on a volcanic island.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -31.0 East bound 159.5 West bound 159.0 South bound -32.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - External Publication - Scientific Journal Paper

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2006

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

External Publication
Scientific Journal Paper
marine survey
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-31.0
East bound
159.5
West bound
159.0
South bound
-32.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-edd0-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2009-09-14

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays