Abstract

Recently acquired seismic reflection and gravity potential field data was used to investigate the distribution of volcanic facies and large scale structural architecture of the Mentelle Basin, located on the southwestern margin of Australia. Isochron and seismic facies maps were used to identify the thickness and distribution of volcanic facies. These maps show that volcanism is generally confined to the Western Mentelle Basin, with two distinct areas of thick volcanic deposits occurring to the centre and north of the area. Two and three dimensional gravity forward models were created in IGMAS+. Two dimensional gravity modelling shows that the crust is extremely thin in the Western Mentelle (c.10km), associated with two mantle highs observed to the north and centre of the Western Mentelle. The crust thickens from the Eastern Mentelle (>20km) towards mainland Australia and the Naturaliste Plateau. The two modelled mantle highs coincide with the two seismically defined areas of thick volcanic deposits. Analogue models indicate that rift related volcanism is generally confined to the locus of extension where the pressure is lowest. Thus results of gravity modelling and seismic interpretation in this study indicate that Jurassic - Cretaceous extension was focussed in the Western Mentelle. This conclusion conforms to models of rift related basin formation, where the flanks of the basin are uplifted; an angular unconformity in the Eastern Mentelle may support the occurrence of rift-flank uplift in this area as a result of asthenospheric rise and rifting while the deposition of volcanic material was focussed in the Western Mentelle.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -33.0 East bound 114.5 West bound 112.0 South bound -35.0

Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2010-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

69851 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/69851/

Keywords

External Publication
Abstract
volcanology
AU-WA
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-33.0
East bound
114.5
West bound
112.0
South bound
-35.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Source Description

Source data not available.

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-eedf-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address