Abstract

The Indee district, located in the Central Pilbara tectonic zone of the North Pilbara terrain in Western Australia, contains Archean lode gold deposits and epithermal gold systems. Hydrothermal alteration assemblages associated with these deposits contain the minerals pyrophyllite, white mica, chlorite, and tourmaline. Known prospects are surrounded by flat areas of poorly exposed calcretised bedrock, calcretes, rock float, and sandy soils. Two adjacent lines of airborne hyperspectral data (HyMap®) were acquired. To produce mineral abundance maps, these data were processed to correct for atmospheric and illumination conditions and then calibrated to reflectance data using field spectra. This analysis successfully mapped the distribution of pyrophyllite, white mica, Mg chlorite, Fe chlorite, calcite, dolomite, kaolinite, tourmaline, hematite, and goethite. Alteration assemblages associated with the Camel 2 deposit, which is located along the Mallina shear zone, were found to be characterized by pyrophyllite and Al-rich white mica, the latter having an AlOH absorption feature at 2.194 µm. In contrast, alteration assemblages associated with epithermal deposits south of the Mallina shear zone are characterized by Al-poor white mica with a longer wavelength absorption feature at 2.210 µm, the shift reflecting the change in Al chemistry (Tschermak substitution). Tourmaline is also present near the epithermal-like deposits, suggesting that it may be an integral part of these systems. Fe chlorite is associated with both the mesothermal and epithermal systems but is also pervasive as a regional metamorphic mineral. Regolith-related carbonates are common throughout the area and their compositions are determined by the hyperspectral processing. Mineral abundance images were verified by PIMA® (portable infrared mineral analyser) analysis of ground samples, and assays of rocks in previously unknown areas of pyrophyllite and white mica confirmed the presence of anomalous gold. These results show that mineral maps and compositional information derived from hyperspectral analysis are extremely valuable for exploration, even in poorly exposed, regolith-dominated districts such as Indee.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -20.0 East bound 124.1 West bound 116.1 South bound -23.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - External Publication - Scientific Journal Paper

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2002

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

External Publication
Scientific Journal Paper
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-20.0
East bound
124.1
West bound
116.1
South bound
-23.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-fa4a-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2010-10-26

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays