Abstract

Tsunamis can be produced from volcanoes in a number of ways. During a volcanic eruption, hot fast moving bodies of gas and rock (known as pyroclastic flows) can travel into the ocean, pushing the water outwards and creating a tsunami. In other eruptions, the volcano may collapse inwards or produce large landslides, both of which can cause tsunamis. More than 90 volcanic tsunamis have been recorded worldwide in the last 250 years. The 1883 Krakatau eruption in Indonesia caused tens of thousands of deaths, including 77 about 800 kilometres away from the eruption. The effect of the tsunami was reported up to 10 kilometres inland and one large ship was raised 10m above sea level and carried 3 kilometres inland.
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2011-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

71538 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/71538/

Keywords

Multimedia
tsunamis
volcanology
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Digital Transfer Options

onLine cdRom

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7893-0079-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
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