Abstract

The New Caledonia Trough is a bathymetric depression 200-300 km wide, 2300 km long, and 1.5-3.5 km deep between New Caledonia and New Zealand. In and adjacent to the trough, seismic stratigraphic units, tied to wells, include: Cretaceous rift sediments in faulted basins; Late Cretaceous to Eocene pelagic drape; and ~1.5 km thick Oligocene to Quaternary trough fill that was contemporaneous with Tonga-Kermadec subduction. A positive free-air gravity anomaly of 30 mGal is spatially correlated with the axis of the trough. We model the evolution of the New Caledonia Trough as a two-stage process: (i) trough formation in response to crustal thinning (Cretaceous and/or Eocene); and (ii) post-Eocene trough-fill sedimentation. To best fit gravity data, we find that the effective elastic thickness (Te) of the lithosphere was low (5-10 km) during Phase (i) trough formation and high (20-40 km) during Phase (ii) sedimentation, though we cannot rule out a fairly constant Te of 10 km. The inferred increase in Te with time is consistent with thermal relaxation after Cretaceous rifting, but such a model is not in accord with all seismic-stratigraphic interpretations. If most of the New Caledonia Trough topography was created during Eocene inception of Tonga-Kermadec subduction, then our results place important constraints on the associated lower-crustal detachment process and suggest that failure of the lithosphere did not allow elastic stresses to propagate regionally into the over-riding plate. We conclude that the gravity field places an important constraint on geodynamic models of Tonga-Kermadec subduction initiation.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -18.0 East bound 180.0 West bound 157.0 South bound -45.0
This product is not available for download due to licence restrictions.

For more information, please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays

Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - External Publication - Scientific Journal Paper

Constraints

license
Non-Exclusive licence to publish copyright (please provide TRIM link)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2012

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

External Publication
Scientific Journal Paper
geophysics
crustal structure
model
tectonic history
gravity
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-18.0
East bound
180.0
West bound
157.0
South bound
-45.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a0d9e394-c1e2-670e-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2011-04-14

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
This product is not available for download due to licence restrictions.

For more information, please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays