Citation

Geoscience Australia provides most of its products for free under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence. We only require that you reference the use of our data or information using the following citation:
de Caritat, P., Cooper, M., Jaireth, S. & Bastrakov, E.N., 2011. National Geochemical Survey of Australia: Preliminary Implications for Energy and Mineral Exploration. Record  2011/029. Geoscience Australia, Canberra.

Abstract

The National Geochemical Survey of Australia (NGSA) project has collected catchment outlet sediment samples from 1315 sites located in 1186 catchments (~10% of which were sampled in duplicate) covering over 80% of Australia, in a collaborative venture between Geoscience Australia and the geoscience agencies of all States and the Northern Territory. At each site, composited samples were collected from two depth intervals: (1) the Top Outlet Sediment from 0-10 cm depth, and (2) the Bottom Outlet Sediment from 60-80 cm depth on average. In the laboratory, the samples were dried, homogenised and separated into two grain-size fractions: (1) a 'coarse' fraction (0-2 mm), and (2) a 'fine' fraction (0-75 um). All together, thus, 5260 samples were prepared for analysis. Bulk splits were also separated for the determination of bulk properties. Samples were analysed for up to 68 chemical elements after Total, Aqua Regia and Mobile Metal Ion digestion methods. Several quality control measures were taken throughout the project and the data quality was assessed in a separate report. This report used the acquired geochemical data to investigate the preliminary implications of this new national dataset on exploration for energy and mineral resources in Australia. This was mostly done by overlaying the NGSA data on coverages of known deposits and occurrences for selected commodities: uranium (U), thorium (Th), gold (Au), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn) and Rare Earth Elements (REEs). For U, an attempt was made to distinguish between calcrete-related and intrusion-related deposit types, and a local case study in the Pine Creek area is also presented. For Zn, preliminary results from an investigation into discrete field modelling using concentration-area (CA) fractal plots are also presented. Coincidence of known mineral deposits and occurrences with elevated geochemical element concentrations in the same catchment are highlighted. Several catchments have elevated geochemical element concentrations in catchments with no known mineral deposits or occurrences, which provide potential targets for exploration. This technique constitutes a useful and rapid tool for area selection where further, more detailed exploration effort could be expended to test these geochemical anomalies.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -10.0 East bound 154.0 West bound 112.0 South bound -44.0
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Record

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2011

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Record
soils
environmental
mineral exploration
regolith
geochemistry
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-10.0
East bound
154.0
West bound
112.0
South bound
-44.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

a62fffc1-553a-2508-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2011-06-21

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).