Citation

Romeyn, R.P. & Garthwaite, M.C., 2012. Broad-scale Volcano Monitoring in Papua New Guinea using Satellite Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar. Record  2012/049. Geoscience Australia, Canberra.

Abstract

The use of Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) to monitor volcano hazards by detecting ground deformation has been demonstrated in numerous cases around the world. This report presents an investigation of the feasibility of using InSAR as a broad scale volcano-monitoring tool in Papua New Guinea (PNG). This type of ongoing broad-scale monitoring would be a significant leap forward compared to the majority of past applications of InSAR for volcano monitoring, which have been sporadic and often conducted in hindsight. A major focus of this study was the development of open-source InSAR analysis software which makes it easier to implement in developing countries where resources may be limited. The environmental conditions of PNG, such as steep topography, dense vegetation and the moist, turbulent atmosphere pose significant challenges to volcano monitoring using InSAR. On the other hand, the remoteness of many of the volcanoes and the limited geophysical resources currently employed to monitor them, makes a broad-scale InSAR monitoring system an attractive proposition. The viability of InSAR as an ongoing tool for broad-scale volcano monitoring in PNG is constrained by the future availability of L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite imagery. The ALOS-2 mission should meet the data requirements of a broad-scale volcano monitoring programme. However, the present cost of ALOS data is prohibitive to ongoing monitoring, given the large volume of data required. The planned ALOS-2 mission will acquire SAR data with even higher temporal resolution, but this will be of little use to InSAR monitoring unless it is available at a cost conducive to regular access. At present, the greatest single barrier to a broad-scale InSAR monitoring system is the prohibitive cost of obtaining the required SAR imagery. To improve the accessibility of InSAR processing software to those in developing countries, the InSAR processing workflow that has been developed in this study is open source, being based on the GMTSAR package. In addition the interface has been simplified and a greater level of automation has been implemented to reduce the training required to become operational. The system has been designed to deal with the large volume of data processing required in a broad-scale volcano monitoring operation by parallelizing the most computationally intensive parts of the workflow. A case study of the Rabaul caldera demonstrates that L-band SAR interferometry can overcome many of the challenges of applying InSAR in PNG. However, continued development is required to enable time-series InSAR analysis. This would help to resolve the nonlinear nature of volcano deformation events and reduce the impact of spurious atmospheric delay signals. Commercial software is available to meet this requirement but the development of an open source alternative would be desirable to make the platform inclusive of developing countries.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -1.0 East bound 156.0 West bound 144.0 South bound -10.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - GA Publication - Record

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2012

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Record
hazards
remote sensing
geodesy
volcanology
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-1.0
East bound
156.0
West bound
144.0
South bound
-10.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

c1638d4b-8332-129e-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2012-06-01

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact the Geoscience Australia Sales Centre via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Please note that support hours are 9 am to 5 pm weekdays