Citation

Geoscience Australia provides most of its products for free under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. We only require that you reference the use of our data or information using the following citation:
Huang, Z. & Nichol, S., 2015. National Submarine Canyons of Australia. Geoscience Australia, Canberra.

Abstract

On the Australian margin, submarine canyons have formed along all sides of the continent and are exposed to the potential influence of large-scale ocean currents, including the Leeuwin Current and the East Australian Current. Recognised in marine bioregional plans as potential biodiversity hotspots, many of these canyons sit within the new national network of Commonwealth Marine Reserves. This GIS polygon layer contains 753 submarine canyons along the Australian continental margin and external territorie, mapped from a range of bathymetry datasets. The layer has attributes describing the canyon's geophysical characteristics. The definitions are as follows. SHAPE_Leng: Perimeter (km) SHAPE_Area: Planar area (km2) centreli_L: Centreline length (km); total length of canyon/sub-canyons centreline(s) MBG_Width: Minimum bounding rectangle width (km) MBG_Length: Minimum bounding rectangle length (km) MBG_Orient: Minimum bounding rectangle orientation len_wid_ra: Length to width ratio; a measure of elongation; larger the value the more elongate the canyon border_ind: Border index; a measure of geometric complexity; larger he value the more fractal the canyon compactnes: a measure of compactness; larger the value the more compact the canyon (or the smaller its border) no_branch: Number of sub-canyons head_incis: Head incision (m); incision deph of canyon head head_depth: Head depth (m); water depth of canyon head foot_depth: Foot depth (m); water depth of canyon foot depth_rang: Depth range (m); depth range between canyon head and foot slope_mean: Slope mean; average slope gradients within canyon polygon slope_std: Slope standard deviation; standard deviation of the slope gradients within canyon polygon slope_rang: Slope range; range between maximum and minimum slope gradients within canyon polygon surArea1: Surface area (km2); 3-D surface area of canyon rugosity: Rugosity; roughness of canyon surface volume: Volume (km3); 3-D volume enclosed by the canyon bottom and walls head_x: X coordinate of canyon head; in Asia south Equidistant Conic projection head_y: Y coordinate of canyon head; in Asia south Equidistant Conic projection foot_x: X coordinate of canyon foot; in Asia south Equidistant Conic projection foot_y: Y coordinate of canyon foot; in Asia south Equidistant Conic projection h_f_dist: Head to foot distance (km); euclidian distance between canyon head and foot h_f_slope: head to foot slope; slope gradient between canyon head and foot dist_shelf: Distance to shelf (km); euclidian distance of canyon to shelf break; a distance of zero indicates that canyon touchs or intersects the shelf break or within the continental shelf near_canyo: Nearest canyon (km); euclidian distance to the nearest canyon dist_coast: Distance to coast (km); euclidian distance of canyon to Australian coast focal_var: Focal variety; number of neighbouring canyons within a nominated proximity inci_depth: Incision depth (m); averged depth of canyon area that incises into shelf break; slope-confined canyons have values of zero inci_area: Incision area (km2) ; area of canyon area that incises into shelf break; slope-confined canyons have values of zero slope15: Percentage of slope gradient greater than 15 degree; percentage of canyon area with slope gradients greater than 15 degree sinuosity: a measure of sinuosity; larger the value the more sinuous the canyon shelf_inci: Shelf incision; shlef-incising canyons have value of 1; slope-confined canyons have value of zero dist_river: Distance to revier (km); euclidian distance to the mouth of the nearest permanent river uncertain: Uncertainty; mapping uncertainty assigned to canyon; larger the value the more uncertain the mapping is marine_reg: Marine region; the location of the canyon in one of the marine regions canyon_nam: The name of canyon if known map_region: Map region; the location of canyon in one of the map regions Please refer to Marine Geology 357, 362-383 for details of mapping methods.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -8.88 East bound 168.46 West bound 96.63 South bound -46.86
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Product Type/Sub Type

dataset - Marine Data

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

2015

Product Type

dataset

Topic Category

oceans

Keywords

Marine Data
NERP
marine
NERP Marine Biodiversity Hub
geomorphology
seabed
Marine Geoscience

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-8.88
East bound
168.46
West bound
96.63
South bound
-46.86

Lineage

Three bathymetry datasets were used: 1. Geoscience Australia's 250m national bathymetry grid, 2. Geoscience Australia's 50m multibeam bathymetry grids, and 3. James Cook University's 100m Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea bathymetry grid. The hill-shaded layers of these bathymetry grids were generated to display 3-D effects. The extent of individual canyons was manually digitised as a GIS polygon using these hill-shaded layers to aid mapping. The heads and foots of individual canyons were also identified in the process. After mapping the initial number of submarine canyon candidates a filtering process was applied by defining a canyon as a feature with the following bathymetric characteristics: (i) water depth at the canyon head less than 4000 m; (ii) depth range between the canyon head and foot greater than 600 m, and; (iii) incision of the canyon head greater than 100 m. On this basis, a total of 753 canyons were mapped for the Australian mainland margin and external territories.

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

shp

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

e3dd1af5-7b05-50fd-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2015-11-16

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Related Links
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).