Abstract

Two Archaean cratons are exposed in the Precambrian shield of Western Australia: the Pilbara in the north and the Yilgarn in the south. They are separated by the Capricorn Orogen. Seismic recordings of quarry blasts in the north of the West Australian shield indicate that the upper crustal rocks have seismic velocities of 6.0 km s^-1, and are probably of acid to intermediate chemical composition. They overlie a lower crust, presumed to be granulitic, which has a seismic velocity of 6.4 km s^-1 at 13 km depth in the north of the Pilbara Craton and 16 km in the north of the Yilgarn Craton. The northern Yilgarn has a third layer, with a seismic velocity of about 7.0 km s^-1, at the base of the crust. This may represent a higher grade (eclogite?) phase, or it may indicate injection of basic material into the base of the crust. The crust-mantle boundary at the base of the Pilbara Craton and Capricorn Orogen appears to be transitional - it shows velocity gradients rather than a first-order velocity discontinuity. Within the Pilbara Craton, the crust is about 28 km thick in the north and 33 km in the south. South of the Pilbara Craton, the crust thickens under the Capricorn Orogenic Belt, and again under the northern Yilgarn Craton where it is 52 km thick. The form of the structures in the zone of thickening cannot be determined uniquely from the present data. Three models incorporating faults or monoclines and a wedge of 7.0 km s^-1 material at the base of the crust have been derived. The different crustal thicknesses of the cratons suggest that they formed separately and were then tilted towards the Orogenic Belt.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -20.0 East bound 121.0 West bound 115.0 South bound -27.0
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1979-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

81000 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/81000/

Keywords

GA Publication
Journal
WA
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-20.0
East bound
121.0
West bound
115.0
South bound
-27.0

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Source Description

Source data not available.

Metadata File Identifier

fae9173a-6fc5-71e4-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
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