Citation

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Johnston, C.R. & Bowin, C.O., 1981. Crustal reactions resulting from the mid-Pliocene to Recent continent-island arc collision in the Timor region. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics  6:3:223-243. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Canberra.

Abstract

The Sunda and Banda Arcs are contiguous surface features associated with the convergent boundary between the Southeast Asian and Australian-Indian Ocean plates, and where these two arcs meet, the tectonic environment changes from oceanic subduction to continent-island arc collision. This area has been investigated in an attempt to recognise and understand some of the effects of the introduction of continental crust into a subduction zone. Depositional environments encountered in Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) hole 262 have been correlated with present environments to determine past horizontal distances between the leading edge of the subduction zone and the DSDP location on the Australian crustal margin. These data have been combined with the apparent plate motion at this margin to derive an estimate of the surface width of the subduction zone through time. The similarity between past width variations and present lateral variations has been used as the basis for proposing a collision model. Before the collision, the Indonesian subduction zone extended eastwards into the region that is now the southern Banda Arc. The continental edge of Australia first entered this subduction zone about 3 m.y. ago, in the mid-Pliocene. Initially, a wedge of deformed continental margin sediments began to develop at the leading edge of the subduction zone. The tectonic front that separated deformed from undeformed sediments and an associated bathymetric low migrated up the continental slope leaving in their wake a large wedge of deformed continental margin sediments, which produced a southerly bulge in the subduction zone. Ultimately, the deformation wedge began to absorb the near-surface stresses, and relative motion between the front and the southern plate slowed to near zero. Continuing relative plate motion carried the deformation front back towards the volcanic arc. Compression from this has been almost entirely taken up in the subduction zone, and has led to thickening and uplift of the deformation wedge and crust associated with the pre-collision outer-arc ridge. The proposed collision model explains many of the morphological, geological, and geophysical irregularities in the Timor region. On a broader regional scale, the evidence that the Southeast Asian plate at Timor is moving eastward at about 60 km / m.y. relative to the Eurasian plate, supports the interpretation that the India/China continental collision is pushing the Southeast Asian plate to the southeast.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound 0.0 East bound 135.0 West bound 108.0 South bound -15.0
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nonGeographicDataset - GA Publication - Journal

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

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Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

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Date (publication)

1981

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geoscientificInformation

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GA Publication
Journal
Earth Sciences

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English

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utf8

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unclassified

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North bound
0.0
East bound
135.0
West bound
108.0
South bound
-15.0

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Unknown

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pdf

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ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

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1.1

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2015-03-23

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Canberra
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