Abstract

The problem of seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers and oceanic islands is not a new one and a great deal of research has been undertaken since the late 19th century. The first model was developed in 1888 and is known as the Ghyben-Herzberg. It is a simple model based on the hydrostatic balance between fresh and saline water. With the advent of large computing capacity over the past few decades, more sophisticated models have been developed for the simulation of seawater intrusion and upconing of saline water beneath a pumping well. Two of the latest developments in this area are the SUTRA and HST3D models. SUTRA is a two dimensional, finite-element, density dependent, solute transport model, while HST3D is a three-dimensional finite-difference model. This paper describes an application of these two models for the simulation of seawater intrusion in Nauru Island in the Pacific Ocean and it compares their performances. While SUTRA is a powerful model, it cannot adequately simulate three-dimensional problems, because of its two-dimensional nature. On the other hand, HST3D is suitable for the three-dimensional simulation of seawater intrusion, but it requires a small grid size and short time steps. This leads to the solution of a significantly large set of linear equations, necessitating the availability of sophisticated computing facilities in terms of memory and computing power. This makes the use of present-day supercomputers an inevitable requirement.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound 10.0 East bound 176.0 West bound 149.8 South bound -10.2
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1993-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

81353 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/81353/

Keywords

GA Publication
Journal
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
10.0
East bound
176.0
West bound
149.8
South bound
-10.2

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Source Description

Source data not available.

Metadata File Identifier

fae9173a-7126-71e4-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
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