Citation

Geoscience Australia provides most of its products for free under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. We only require that you reference the use of our data or information using the following citation:
Rutland, R.W.R., 1997. The sustainability of mineral use. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics  17:1:13-25. Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Canberra.

Abstract

The sustainability of mineral use, like the definition of sustainable consumption patterns, is a function both of the availability of resources and of the environmental impacts of resource use. The environmental impacts are a major factor in modifying consumption patterns and therefore in moderating demand. In spite of a number of factors tending to moderate demand, global demand is likely to continue to increase for the foreseeable future, mainly as a result of the continuing increase in global population which is unlikely to be stabilised before the end of the 21st century. Discussion of the relationship between population, resource use and the environment, using the concepts of the support square and per capita resource use, illustrates the unsustainability of present demand trends and of the consumption patterns that cause them. It is therefore important that strategies to maintain supply be linked to effective strategies to move to sustainable consumption patterns. The capacity to meet the demand for minerals is also being reduced, as the global population increases, by concerns about environmental impacts and by competing land uses. It is therefore important that minerals issues should be part of the integrated approach to land management promoted in Agenda 21. Sustainability is a long-term concept involving inter-generational equity, and the time scales are beyond those of the reasonably foreseeable future. It is not possible to see beyond a definable horizon of sustainability and the precautionary principle is therefore important for global management strategies. The paper identifies a number of steps at the global level which can assist in the management of resources and of environmental impacts during the period of transition to more sustainable consumption patterns. These relate to improvements in knowledge (1) for assessing the impacts of mineral use in the industrial system as an essential basis for improving efficiency and determining optimum consumption patterns; (2) for monitoring the chemical health of the global land surface; and (3) for assessing resource potential in ways that can be integrated with other land use information, and that can be used to push back the horizon of sustainability.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound East bound West bound South bound
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).

Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset - GA Publication - Journal

Constraints

license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1997

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

Keywords

GA Publication
Journal
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Lineage

Unknown

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

DISTRIBUTION Format

pdf

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Metadata File Identifier

fae9173a-719f-71e4-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

Metadata Date Stamp

2015-05-19

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Geoscience Australia
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
Downloads
For information on acquiring this product,
please contact Geoscience Australia Client Services via:

fax:
+61 2 6249 9960; or
phone:
1800 800 173 (within Australia);
 
+61 2 6249 9966 (outside Australia).