Abstract

Bauxite was found on Manus Island in 1952 by J.E. Thompson, Senior Resident Geologist, Territory of Papua and New Guinea, at three separate localities. At Lepatuan a dacite flow overlies bedded tuffs and both have been bauxitized. The former parent rock yields a porous granular bauxite containing about 1 percent silica, 55 percent alumina, 10-13 percent ferric oxide and 1 percent titania. Bauxite developed on the tuffs is nodular in character, and consists of gibbsite nodules embedded in soft clay-like bauxite. The composition of one sample of this bauxite is 11.7 percent silica, 51.0 percent alumina, 10.8 percent ferric oxide and 1.0 percent titania. The bauxite is forming at the present day by direct alteration of the dacite without an intervening clay zone, but the tuffs are kaolinized in the first stage of alteration. It is of high significance that bauxite can develop on small flat elevated areas (50 acres at Lepatuan) during the present weathering cycle. Essential conditions for bauxitic alteration to take place appear to be - (a) high mean temperature, high rainfall and dense vegetation, (b) relatively flat terrain, and (c) elevation above immediate surroundings to ensure adequate ground-water movement. Total resources of bauxite at Lepatuan are about 600,000 tons, and possible reserves are negligible at the other localities. Difficulties of access and distance from markets militate against commercial exploitation of the deposit, but prospects of finding more bauxite in the islands of the volcanic arcs of Bismark Archipelago cannot be lightly dismissed.
Google map showing geographic bounding box with values North bound -1.9 East bound 147.5 West bound 146.5 South bound -2.3
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Product Type/Sub Type

nonGeographicDataset

Constraints

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

IP Owner

Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)

Author(s)

Date (publication)

1953-01-01T00:00:00

Product Type

nonGeographicDataset

Topic Category

geoscientificInformation

GA Catalogue Number

9200 Product http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/9200/

Keywords

GA Publication
Record
mineral deposits
mineralogy
resource assessment
PG
Earth Sciences

Resource Language

English

Resource Character Set

utf8

Resource Security Classification

unclassified

Geographic Extent

North bound
-1.9
East bound
147.5
West bound
146.5
South bound
-2.3

Lineage

Legacy product, lineage not available

Digital Transfer Options

onLine

Distributor

Role
distributor
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address

Source Description

Legacy product, source data not available.

Metadata File Identifier

a05f7892-8075-7506-e044-00144fdd4fa6

Metadata Standard Name

ANZLIC Metadata Profile: An Australian/New Zealand Profile of AS/NZS ISO 19115:2005, Geographic information - Metadata

Metadata Standard Version

1.1

METADATA SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

unclassified

Metadata Contact

Role
pointOfContact
Organisation Name
Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia)
City
Canberra
Administrative Area
ACT
Postal Code
2601
Country
Australia
Email Address
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