Entity ID: 22114 Compiled by: Laurie, J.R. and Stewart, A.J. Year: 2002 Status: Defined
Last Revised: 2013
Rank: province Type: sedimentary Subtype: intracratonic Location: WA On-shore and off-shore
Synonyms: NA Symbol: NA
Minimum age: Early Cretaceous Age method: inferred, biostratigraphic correlation
Maximum age: Early Ordovician Age method: inferred, biostratigraphic correlation
Summary: The underexplored, pericratonic Early Ordovician to Early Cretaceous Canning Basin of Western Australia contains over 15 km of marine and nonmarine siliciclastics and marine carbonates. Mory & Hocking (GSWA Record 2011/16, p.6, para 2, last 2 sentences) extended the Basin southwards to include Permian sedimentary rocks 'across a region previously assigned to the Officer Basin...and subsequently the Gunbarrel Basin' (which they redefined as the Cretaceous Bejah Claystone + Samuel Fm only).
Area (square kilometres): 506000 State: WA Minimum present water depth (m): 0 Maximum present water depth (m): 100 Main rock types: carbonate sediments and sedimentary rocks Main rock types: siliciclastic sediments and sedimentary rocks Main depositional environment: marine and non-marine Maximum sediment thickness (m): 15000 Resources: Zinc Resources: Lead Resources: Oil Present crustal setting: continental Country: AUS
Parent: No data
Child Provinces: No data
Interfingers - Amadeus Basin
Is contained within - Halls Creek Orogen
Overlies - Birrindudu Basin, King Leopold Orogen, Musgrave Province, Officer Basin, Paterson Orogen, Pilbara Craton, Rudall Province, Tanami Orogen
Constituent units: Paterson Formation, Grant Group, Stoney Creek Conglomerate, Kunian Sandstone, Kudata Dolomite, Emanuel Formation, Carranya Formation, Wilson Cliffs Sandstone, Nibil Formation, Tandalgoo Formation, Worral Formation, Babrongan Formation, Piker Hills Formation, Yellow Drum Formation, Reeves Formation, Winifred Formation, Culvida Sandstone, Meda Sandstone, Cronin Sandstone, Melligo Sandstone, Cudalgarra Member, Leo Member, Gap Creek Formation, Mount Troy Formation, Sahara Formation, Luluigui Formation, Gumhole Formation, Carolyn Formation, Wallal Sandstone, Callawa Formation, Frezier Sandstone, Liveringa Group, Muderong Shale, Anna Plains Sandstone, Dominic Shale, Treachery Formation, Ungani Dolomite, Nelson Rocks Formation, Fossil Head Formation, Bejah Claystone, Miria Formation, Samuel Formation, Mermaid Formation, Toolonga Calcilutite, Esko Bed, Bonaparte Formation, Keyling Formation, Weaber Group, Kirkby Radiolarite, Cherrabun Formation, Carribuddy Group, Sadler Limestone, Barramundi Conglomerate, Nullara Limestone, Gogo formation, Acacia sandstone, Nita Formation, Nambeet Formation, Willara Formation, Carribuddy formation, Anderson Formation, Noonkanbah Formation, Nura Nura Member, Lightjack Formation, Lennard River Group, Minjoo Salt, Mellinjerie Limestone, Bugle Gap Limestone, Anketell Formation, Lucas Formation, Bedout Formation, Crab Creek Calcilutite Member, Hoya Formation, Pillara Limestone, Mallowa Salt, Meda Formation, Baleine Formation, Sadler-Pillara Limestone, Condren Sandstone, Kalmanyi Member, Bongabinni Formation, Poole Sandstone, Parda Formation, Depuch Formation, Clanmeyer Siltstone, Clianthus Formation, Cooke Point Megabreccia, Pedestal beds, Prices Creek Group, Cadjebut Formation, Bobs Bore Conglomerate, Behn Conglomerate, Big Spring Formation, Acacia Sandstone Member, Scutellid Bed, Beloceras Bed, Upper, Phacopid Gully Bed, Calyx Corner beds, Goldwyer Formation
Events: Samphire Marsh Movement, Prices Creek Movement, Pillara Extension, Meda Movement, Point Moody Movement, La Grange Movement, Fitzroy Movement, Last Canning Basin Event
Mineral Deposits: Cadjebut, Wagon Pass, Oobagooma, Admiral Bay, Narlarla, Liveringa, Twelve Mile Bore, Ellendale, Pillara, Duchess-Paradise
Key Reference: Pieris, E.P.W. 2004, Mineral occurrences and exploration activities in the Canning area., Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record, 2004/3, (Refid:67516)
Comments: The extra area of Canning Basin added in 2011 (see Summary) is approx 300,000 sq. km. Bejah Claystone and Samuel Fm removed from Canning Basin and assigned to new Gunbarrel Basin in 2011 by GSWA ( R.Hocking email, 20 April 2011). Suitable for CO2 storage.
Overview: The underexplored, pericratonic Early Ordovician to Early Cretaceous Canning Basin of Western Australia occupies about 506,000 (plus 300,000 added in 2011) = 806,000 sq km, of which 730,000 sq km are onshore. It has a maximum sediment thickness of over 15,000 m concentrated in two NW trending depocentres. The northernmost of these is the Fitzroy Trough-Gregory Sub-basin complex, while the southernmost is the Willara Sub-basin-Kidson Sub-basin complex. Deposition in the basin commenced during an Early Ordovician phase of extension and rapid subsidence. Rifting was followed by a prolonged sag stage characterised by widespread evaporitic and playa conditions in the Late Ordovician and Silurian. The second basin phase was initiated by minor folding, regional uplift and erosion in the earliest Devonian, and embraces laterally extensive, aeolian and terrestrial deposits. The third phase incorporates major extension, rifting and rapid subsidence in the mid-Devonian. The sag stage following this extension was interrupted by at least two extensional tectonic pulses marked by influxes of conglomerates along the northern margins of the basin. The fourth basin phase was initiated by mid-Carboniferous compression and inversion of Devonian normal faults. This phase is marked by syntectonic fluvial deposits. The fifth phase is marked by renewed extension and rapid subsidence, coinciding with the onset of glacial conditions in the Early Permian and incorporates a sag stage with widespread transgression following the glaciation. The final tectonic phase was triggered by regional dextral wrench movements in the Late Triassic - Early Jurassic when up to 3km of uplift and erosion occurred, accompanied by extensive molasse deposition. This was followed by deposition of fluvio-deltaic and marine sediments. Only 250 wells have been drilled and 78,000km of seismic shot. Production is currently from Permo-Carboniferous sandstones (Lloyd, Sundown, etc) and Devonian carbonates (Blina) with many shows from Ordovician to Permian. Proven plays include draped bioherms, anticlinal closures and tilted fault blocks. Untested plays include unconformities, fault rollovers, diapirs and stratigraphic traps.
Late Carboniferous and Jurassic mafic sills intersected in some wells, both on and offshore.
Suitable for CO2 storage (Carbon Storage Taskforce, 2009, Australia's Potential for the Geological Storage of CO2, Dept resources Energy Tourism, Canberra).
Images: Canning Basin regional setting and cross-section location map (122 KB), Canning Basin stratigraphy (177 KB), Canning Basin regional cross-section (73 KB)
Other media: No data
- FOR PROVINCE-GENERAL: Pieris, E.P.W., 2004, Mineral occurrences and exploration activities in the Canning area., Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record, 2004/3, . (Refid: 67516)
- FOR PROVINCE-GENERAL: Mory, A.J., Hocking, R.M., 2011, Permian, Carboniferous and Upper Devonian Geology of the Northern Canning Basin, Western Australia - a Field Guide., Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record, 2011/16, . (Refid: 67228)
- FOR PROVINCE-GENERAL: Purcell, P.G., Purcell, R.R., 1994, The sedimentary basins of Western Australia, Proceedings of the West Australian Basins Symposium, sponsered by the Western Australian Branch of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia, Perth, 14-17 August, 1994. PESA 864 pages, . (Refid: 12701)