Information on the economics and reporting of Australia’s minerals.
The data and related information from the annual assessment of Australia's mineral resources provide input into Government policy decisions and programs associated with the minerals sector, sustainable development of resources and financial allocations.
Australia is the world’s largest producer of bauxite and a significant global supplier of high value downstream products, including refined alumina and smelted aluminium metal.
Australia is one of the world’s top six copper producers with substantial copper resources located in all States and the Northern Territory.
Geoscience Australia provides a range of geoscience data and information to encourage and support exploration for new diamond resources in Australia.
Australia has substantial gold resources which are located in all States and the Northern Territory. Gold attracts Australia’s second largest exploration expenditure.
Iron constitutes about five per cent of the Earth's crust and is the fourth most abundant element in the crust. Australia is one of the world’s major iron ore producers.
Manganese is the twelfth most abundant element in the Earth's crust and is found in many minerals with the two main manganese minerals being pyrolusite and rhodochrosite.
Nickel has relatively low electrical and thermal conductivities, has strength and toughness at elevated temperatures, is easily shaped into thin wires and flat sheets and is capable of being magnetised.
Australia has jurisdiction over a wide variety of offshore mineral deposits within its continental shelf and 200 nautical mile economic exclusion zone.
The platinum-group elements is a group of six elements, — platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), iridium (Ir), osmium (Os), and ruthenium, (Ru).
The rare earths are a relatively abundant group of elements which range in crustal abundance from cerium at 60 parts per million to lutetium at 0.5 parts per million.
Thorium is a naturally occurring slightly radioactive metal, three to five times more abundant than uranium. The most common source of thorium is a rare earth phosphate mineral, monazite.
Uranium is a mildly radioactive element which averages one to four parts per million in the Earth’s crust.
Zinc, lead and silver often occur together in mineral deposits. Australia attracts significant investment in zinc, lead and silver exploration making up around five per cent of all of Australia’s mineral exploration each year.
Australia has been a significant producer of tin, tungsten and molybdenum during the past century but is only a minor producer of these commodities today.