Australia's Identified Mineral Resources Table 1

Australia's resources of major minerals and world figures as at 31 December 2013

Commodity Units Australia World
JORC Reserves (a)
(% of Accessible EDR)
Demonstrated Resources Inferred
Resources (b)
Accessible
EDR (c)
Mine
Production
2013 (d)
Economic
Resources
 2013 (e)
Mine
production
2013 (f)
Economic (EDR) (g) Subeconomic
Para-marginal Sub-marginal
Antimony kt Sb 63 (47%) 134 9 0 207 134 5.0 1800 163
Bauxite Mt 2125 (33%) 6464
144
1429 1558
6464
81.1 28 000 263
Black coal
in situ Mt   79 074 1552 5341 93 773
recoverable Mt 20 657
 (37%)
62 095 1225 4017 64 041 55 213 538(h) 690 530(i) 6926(j)(k)
Brown coal
in situ Mt   49 075 37 465 16 873 123 529
recoverable Mt n.a.(l) 44 164 33 402 15 185 103 052 34 095 73(i) 201 000(i) 905(k)
Cobalt kt Co 385 (36%) 1068 285 29 1228 1068 6.40(m) 7271 117.00
Copper Mt Cu 25.5 (27%) 93.1 1.4 0.4 44.1 93.1 1.0 696 17.9
Chromium kt Cr 0 0 302.2 0 3780 0 94.2(n) >480 000 26 000(o)
Diamond Mc 120.5 (48%) 250.5 0 0 38.1 250.5 11.5 750(p) 251.2
Fluorine kt F 0 304 504 6.2 2285 304 0 117 000(q) 3280(q)
Gold t Au 3911 (40%) 9808 317 110 4520 9778 265 54 000(r) 3022(r)
Iron
Iron ore Mt 18 362 (35%) 52 578 474 1635 78 577 52 578 609 186 878 3024
Contained iron Mt Fe
9320 (40%) 23 035 344 574 34 297 23 035 n.a. 86 785 n.a.
Lead Mt Pb 14.6 (42%) 35.0 3.5 0.2 20.0 35.0 0.71 88 5.40
Lithium kt Li 854 (55%) 1538 0 0.1 139 1538 n.a. 13 538 35(q)
Magnesite Mt MgCO3 37.5 (12%) 318 22 35 850 318 (s) 8300 21.16(q)
Manganese ore Mt 131.5 (58%) 228.6 23.1 167 313.2 228.6 7.447 1520 48
Mineral sands
Ilmenite Mt 50.3(25%) 200.2 30.2 0.03 259.9 169.6 1.152 1244.30 12.27
Rutile Mt 10.1 (31%) 32.1 0.3 0.06 42.3 28.3 0.244 56.21 0.57
Zircon Mt 20.6 (36%) 57.8 1.1 0.07 71.6 51.4 (t) 98.9 1.44
Molybdenum kt Mo 79.5 (39%)
203 1220 0.5 587 203 n.a.(u) 11 203 270
Nickel Mt Ni 8.3 (44%) 19.0 4.0 0.1 19.7 19.0 0.234 74.9 2.48
Niobium kt Nb 115 (56%)
205 82
0 418 205 (v) 4300 51
Oil shale GL 0 0 213 2074 1272(y) 0 0 763 139(i) 1.165(i)
Phosphate  
Phosphate rock(w) Mt 289 (28%) 1035 312 0 1828 1035 (x) 67 000 224
Contained P2O5 Mt 51 (29%) 176 53 0 312.6 176 n.a. n.a. n.a.
PGE (Pt, Pd, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh) t metal 0 3.5 139.0 1.4 202.8 0.8 0.786 66 000 403
Potash Mt K2O  0  0 16.7  0 11.5 0 0 6000 34.6
Rare earths (REO & Y2O3) Mt 2.15 (67%) 3.19 0.58 31.10 23.24 3.19 n.a. 143.0 0.117
Silver kt Ag 30.1 (35%) 85.2 3.3 0.5 36.0 85.2 1.84 517 26.1
Tantalum kt Ta 30 (45%) 67 11 0.2 29 67 (z) 103 0.59
Thorium kt Th 0 0 101 0 585 0 0 n.a. n.a.
Tin kt Sn 213 (58%) 366 65
31
381 366 6.5 4826 231
Tungsten kt W 200 (51%) 396 0.8 5.0 102 162 0.32(aa) 3500 71
Uranium kt U 371 (32%) 1167 34 0 592 1096 6.432 3472(ab) 58.394(ac)
Vanadium kt V 1208 (65%) 1853 14 640 1534 16 163 1853 0.407(ad) 14 000 76
Zinc Mt Zn 28.9 (46%) 62.3 1.0 0.8 27.1 62.3 1.52 248 13.6

Abbreviations

t = tonne; kt = kilotonnes (1000 t); Mt = million tonnes  (1 000 000 t); Mc = million carats (1 000 000 c); GL =  gigalitre (1 000 000 000 L); n.a. = not available.

Notes

  
a.   Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Proved and Probable Ore Reserves as stated in company annual reports and reports to Australian Securities Exchange.
b.   Total Inferred Resources in economic, sub-economic and undifferentiated categories.
c.   Accessible Economic Demonstrated Resources (AEDR) is the portion of total EDR that is accessible for mining. AEDR does not include resources which are inaccessible for mining because of environmental restrictions, government policies or military lands.
d.   Source: Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE).
e.   Sources: Geoscience Australia for Australian figures, United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodities Summaries for other countries.
f.   World mine production for 2012, mostly United States Geological Survey  estimates.
g.   Economic  Demonstrated Resources (EDR) includes Joint Ore Reserves Committee Reserves, Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources.
h.   Raw coal.
i.   Source: World Energy Council. Survey of Energy Resources 2010.
j.   Saleable coal.
k.   Source: World Coal Association, 2012.
l.   There are no JORC code ore reserve estimates available for brown coal.
m.   Source: Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum.
n.   137 646 t of chromite expressed as Cr2O3 (Source: Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum).
o.   World production of 24 Mt of 'marketable chromite ore' as reported by United States Geological Survey.
p.   Source: USGS Commodity Summaries 2012. Note - world resource figures are for industrial diamonds only. No data provided for resources of gem diamonds.
q.   Excludes USA.
r.   Estimated  world resources of gold from USGS. World mine production of gold from Thomson  Reuter.
s.   Production for 2012-13 was 503 735 t (Source: Queensland Government. Department of Natural Resources and Mines).
t.   Total zircon production unknown.  State governments report that Western  Australia produced 211.391 kt of zircon in 2013, South Australia produced  37.804 kt from January to June 2013 and Queensland produced 83.731 kt  in 2012-13.
u.   Some molybdenum was produced as a by-product of tungsten at the Wolfram Camp mine. Amount produced is not known but is believed to be minor.
v.Not reported by mining companies.
w.Phosphate rock is reported as economic at grades ranging from 8.7% to 30.2% P2O5.
x.Christmas Island mined 518 256 t of phosphate (dry) in 2013. Phosphate Hill produced 2 062 509 t in 2012-13 (Source: Queensland Government, Department of Natural Resources and Mines). Small mines in South Australia produced 1782 t in 2012-13 (Source: Government of South Australia, Department of State Development).
y.Total Inferred Resource excludes a 'total potential' oil shale resource of the Toolebuc Formation, Queensland of 245 000 GL that was estimated by Geoscience Australia's predecessor, the Bureau of Mineral Resources, and CSIRO in 1983.
z.Department of Mines and Petroleum, Government of Western Australia reported, for the calendar year 2013, a combined production in dollar values of tin,  tantalum and lithium of $145 955 560.
aa.Estimated from production figures for tungsten (WO3) concentrate.
ab. Source: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2011). Compiled from the most recent data for resources recoverable at costs of less than US$130/kg U.
ac.Production figure for 2012 (Source: World Nuclear Association).
ad. Windimurra produced 407 t of contained vanadium.