Australia's Identified Mineral Resources Table 1

Table 1. Australia's resources of major minerals and world figures as at 31 December 2012

Commodity Units Australia World
JORC Reserves (a)
(% of Accessible EDR)
Demonstrated Resources Inferred
Resources (c)
Accessible
EDR (d)
Mine
Production
2012 (e)
Economic
Resources
2012 (f)
Mine
production
2012 (g)
Economic (EDR) (b) Subeconomic
Para-marginal Sub-marginal
Antimony kt Sb 55 (51%) 107 9 0 203 107 3.9 1800 180
Bauxite Mt 2145 (34%) 6281
144
1429 1474
6281
76.3 28 000 263
Black coal
in situ Mt   77 589 1613 5341 89 194
recoverable Mt 20 662
(38%)
61 082 1134 3984 64 184 54 200 501(h) 665 000(i) 6637(j)(k)
Brown coal
in situ Mt   49 035 37 465 16 873 123 240
recoverable Mt n.a.(l) 44 164 33 402 15 185 102 502 34 095 66.73(m) 195 000(i) 1041(k)
Cobalt kt Co 519 (51%) 1021 294 37 1209 1021 5.88(n) 7273 110.48
Copper Mt Cu 25.2 (28%) 91.1 1.4 0.4 43.9 91.1 0.91 690 16.6
Chromium kt Cr 0 0 0 0 3657 0 127.7(o) >460 000 24 000(p)
Diamond Mc 146.1 (55%) 268.0
0 0 42.7
268.0 8.6 600(q) 150
Fluorine Mt F 0 0 0.5 0 0.4 0 0 117(r) 3.34(r)
Gold t Au 4119 (42%) 9909 372 122 4571 9879 251 54 300 2660
Iron
iron ore Mt 15 305 (34%) 44 650 566 1365 75 554
44 650 520 175 650 2959
iron (contained Fe) Mt Fe
7931 (38%) 20 638 224 473 33 851
20 638 n.a. 83 688 n.a.
Lead Mt Pb 15.4 (45%) 34.4 3.4 0.2 20.2 34.4 0.62 89 5.2
Lithium kt Li 854 (55%) 1538 0 0.1 139 1538 12.7(s) 13 538 37(r)
Magnesite Mt MgCO3 37.5 (11%) 330 22 35 836 330 0.588(t) 8300 21.16(r)
Manganese ore Mt 135.4 (72%) 186.8 23.1 167 324.1 186.8 7.208 1635 48
Mineral sands
Ilmenite Mt 43.2 (28%) 187.0 30.2 0.03 219.9 156.4 1.344 1233.57 11.30
Rutile Mt 7.1 (31%) 26.6 0.3 0.06 42.2 22.8 0.439 50.68 0.79
Zircon Mt 14.9 (36%) 47.4 1.1 0.07 68.3 41.0 0.605 88.62 1.41
Molybdenum kt Mo 79.5 (39%)
203 1220 0.5 572 203 0(u) 11 203 252
Nickel Mt Ni 7.5 (42%) 17.7 4.2 0.2 17.8 17.7 0.244 72.6 2.14
Niobium kt Nb 115 (56%)
205 82
0 418 205 (v) 4300 69
Phosphate  
phosphate rock(w) Mt 289 (33%) 869 312 0 2089 869 3.09
67 500 210
contained P2O5 Mt 51 (34%) 148 65 0 354 148 n.a. n.a. n.a.
PGE (Pt, Pd, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh) t metal 0 4.7 139.0 1.4 131.0 0.3 0.706 66 000 379
Potash Mt K2O  0  0 20.7  0 11.5 0 0 9500 34
Rare earths (REO & Y2O3) Mt 2.15 (67%) 3.19 0.42 31.14 22.33 3.19 0 115 0.106
Shale oil GL 0 0 213 2074 1272(x) 0 0 763 139(i) 1.165(i)
Silver kt Ag 30.4 (36%) 85.2 3.5 0.5 36.0 85.2 1.76 556 23.8
Tantalum kt Ta 29 (48%) 60
18 0.2 21 60 (y) 156 0.77
Thorium kt Th 0 0 91(z) 0 444(z) 0 0 n.a. n.a.
Tin kt Sn 170 (61%) 277 65
31
262 277 5.8(aa) 4947 228
Tungsten kt W 201 (51%) 391 11.1 5 102 391
0.29(ab) 3488 73.3
Uranium kt U 373 (34%) 1174 34 0 590 1104 7.009 3472(ac) 58.394(ad)
Vanadium kt V 1305 (77%) 1684 14 640 1760 16 035 1684 0.07(ae) 14 000 63
Zinc Mt Zn 32.1 (50%) 64.1 1.1 0.8 25.8 64.1 1.54 247 13.1

Abbreviations

t = tonne; L = litre; kt = 103t; Mc = 106 carat; Mt = 106t; GL = 109L.

Notes

  1. Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Proved and Probable Ore Reserves as stated in company annual reports and reports to Australian Securities Exchange.
  2. Economic Demonstrated Resources (EDR) includes Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Reserves, Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources.
  3. Total Inferred Resources in economic, sub-economic and undifferentiated categories.
  4. Accessible Economic Demonstrated Resources (AEDR) is the portion of total EDR that is accessible for mining. AEDR does not include resources which are inaccessible for mining because of environmental restrictions, government policies or military lands.
  5. Source: Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE).
  6. Sources: Geoscience Australia for Australian figures, United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodities Summaries for other countries.
  7. World mine production for 2012, mostly United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates.
  8. Raw coal.
  9. Source: World Energy Council (WEC). Survey of Energy Resources 2010.
  10. Saleable coal.
  11. Source: World Coal Association, 2012.
  12. There are no JORC code ore reserve estimates available for brown coal.
  13. Source: Victoria's Minerals, Petroleum & Extractive Industries 2010-11 Statistical Review. Victorian Department of Primary Industries.
  14. Source: Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum.
  15. 186 635t of chromite expressed as Cr2O3 (Source: Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum).
  16. World production of 24Mt of 'marketable chromite ore' as reported by United States Geological Survey (USGS).
  17. Source: USGS Commodity Summaries 2012. Note - world resource figures are for industrial diamonds only. No data provided for resources of gem diamonds.
  18. Excludes USA.
  19. Calculated assuming a grade of 6% Li2O in spodumere concentrates.
  20. Production for 2012-13 (Source: Queensland Government. Department of Natural Resources and Mines).
  21. Some molybdenum was produced as a by-product of tungsten at the Wolfram Camp mine. Amount produced is not known but is believed to be minor.
  22. Not reported by mining companies.
  23. Phosphate rock is reported as economic at grades ranging from 8.7% to 30.2% P2O5.
  24. Total Inferred Resource excludes a 'total potential' shale oil resource of the Toolebuc Formation, Queensland of 245 000GL that was estimated by Geoscience Australia's predecessor, the Bureau of Mineral Resources, and CSIRO in 1983.
  25. Department of Mines and Petroleum, Government of Western Australia reported a combined production in dollar values of tin, tantalum and lithium of $200 844 824.
  26. Thorium resources reduced by 10 per cent to account for mining and processing losses.
  27. For all states except WA where actual figures not available.
  28. Estimated from production figures for tungsten (WO3) concentrate.
  29. Source: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2011). Compiled from the most recent data for resources recoverable at costs of less than US$130/kg U.
  30. Source: World Nuclear Association.
  31. For 2012 the Windimurra Vanadium project has produced 87t of FeV, containing 70t of vanadium.
n.a. = not available