Australia's Identified Mineral Resources Table 1

As at December 2015

       
Commodity Units Australia World
JORC Reserves (a)
(% of Accessible EDR)
Demonstrated Resources Inferred
Resources (c)
Accessible
EDR (d)
Mine
Production
 2015 (e)
Economic
Resources
2015 (f)
Mine
production
 2015 (g)
Economic (EDR) (b) Subeconomic
Para-marginal Sub-marginal
Antimony kt Sb 66.3 (42%) 159.3 8.8 0 191.7 159.3 3.7* 2000 150
Bauxite Mt 2300 (38%) 6021 144
1429 1954 6021 80.91 27 500 274
Black coal
in situ Mt 83 324 1407 4277 101 145
recoverable Mt 20 731 (34%) 68 310 1058 3818 78 715 61 428 539* 699 000* 6901.3*
Brown coal
in situ Mt 92 887 44 069 234 987 124 326
recoverable Mt n.a. 76 508 41 112 215 449 103 579 66 439 65.4* 286 000* 807.4*
Chromium kt Cr 0 0 302 0 6786 0 * >480 000 30 000
Cobalt kt Co 482 (47%) 1033 320 25 1238 1033 * 7100 124
Copper Mt Cu 23.67 (27%) 88.75 1.27 0.55 51.82 88.75 0.971 720 18.7
Diamond Mc 84.61 (40%) 209.44 0 0 42.53 209.44 13.561 700 128.7
Fluorine kt F 0 343 505 6 2301 343 0 122 000* >3000*
Gold t Au 3552 (37%) 9546 227 75 4632 9516 278 57 000 3186
Iron
Iron ore Mt 21 903 (42%) 51 545 7967 1510 86 429 51 545 811 183 000 3300
Contained iron Mt Fe
10 244 (43%) 23 985 2796 515 38 562 23 985 502 85 000
Lead Mt Pb 11.30 (32%) 35.29 3.00 0.14 21.04 35.29 0.65 89 4.7
Lithium kt Li 851 (53%) 1610 0 0 426 1610 * 14 500 32.5*
Magnesite Mt MgCO3 37.5 (12%) 321.66 21.90 35.00 849.74 321.66 * 8300 >28*
Manganese ore Mt 120.4 (52%) 232.9 23.1 167.0 379.7 232.9 7.5 1667 52
Mineral sands
Ilmenite Mt 49.2 (33%) 267.8 26.2 0.03 258.6 150.2 0.906 1472.8 10.69
Rutile Mt 10.8 (40%) 36.9 0.3 0.06 43.1 27.2 0.320 68.5 0.66
Zircon Mt 20.3 (42%) 81.4 1.1 0.07 74.9 48.2 0.601 121.12 2.43
Molybdenum kt Mo 3.6 (2%)
190 1220 0.5 609 190 0 11 000 267
Nickel Mt Ni 6.4 (34%) 18.8 3.6 0.1 19.4 18.8 0.235 79 2.54
Niobium kt Nb 116 (40%)
287 15
0 418 287 * >45 000 56
Oil shale GL 0 0 213 2074 1472 0 0 760 934*n.a.
PGE (Pt, Pd, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh) t metal 0 5.3 140.4 1.4 168.6 2.6 *66 000 386
Phosphate
Phosphate rock Mt 289 (27%) 1072 312 0 2461 1072 * 69 000 223
Contained P2O5 Mt 51 (27%) 188 53 0 399 188
Potash Mt K2O 0 32.4 0 0 196.4 32.4 0 3700 38.8
Rare earths (REO & Y2O3) Mt 2.12 (62%) 3.44 0.35 29.22 26.19 3.44 *130 0.12
Silver kt Ag 26.07 (29%) 88.68 1.79 0.49 41.14 88.68 1.373 575 27.0
Tantalum kt Ta 29.1 (42%) 69.2 6.7 0.2 31.4 69.2 * >100 1.2
Thorium kt Th 0 0 129.6 0 514.3 0 0n.a. n.a.
Tin kt Sn 269 (62%) 434 65 31 316 434 7.2* 4900 270
Tungsten kt W 225 (56%) 403 0.8 5 236 403 0.35* 3610 87.3
Uranium kt U 324 (27%) 1287 13 19 920 1217 5.637 3815 60.5*
Vanadium kt V 1341 (74%) 1802 14 677 1688 16 633 1802 0 15 500 79.4
Zinc Mt Zn 23.68 (38%) 62.58 0.62 0.75 25.66 62.58 1.611 205 13.4

Abbreviations

t = tonne; kt = kilotonnes (1000 t); Mt = million tonnes (1 000 000 t); Mc = million carats (1 000 000 carats); GL = gigalitre (1 000 000 L); n.a. = not available.

 
Notes
a.Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Proved and Probable Ore Reserves as stated in company annual reports and reports to the Australian Securities Exchange.
b.  Economic Demonstrated Resources (EDR) includes JORC Reserves, Measured and Indicated Resources.
c.  Total Inferred Resources in economic, subeconomic and undifferentiated categories.
d.  Accessible Economic Demonstrated Resources (AEDR) is the portion of total EDR that is accessible for mining. AEDR does not include resources that are inaccessible for mining because of environmental restrictions, government policies or military lands.
e.  Source: Department of Industry, Innovation and Science/Office of the Chief Economist unless otherwise stated.
f.  Source: Geoscience Australia and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) unless otherwise stated.
g.Source: USGS unless otherwise stated.
                                          ¬†
*
Antimony Mine production sourced from Mandalay Resources Corp for the Costerfield operation.
Black coal Australian mine production refers to raw coal. World economic resources dated 2014, sourced from the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Germany (Energy Study 2015). World mine production sourced from International Energy Agency (Coal Information 2016).
Brown coal Australian mine production 2015 and world mine production sourced from International Energy Agency (Coal Information 2016). World economic resources dated 2014, sourced from the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Germany (Energy Study 2015).
Chromium The Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum reported 0 t of production during 2014-15.
CobaltThe Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum reported 6.03 kt of production in 2014-15.
Diamond World resource figures are for industrial diamonds only, no data provided for resources of gem diamonds.
FluorineWorld mine production 2015 excludes the USA.
GoldWorld mine production 2015 sourced from the World Gold Council.
LithiumAustralian mine production is not publically reported by mining companies. However, the Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum reported combined tin, tantalum and lithium production of $192 167 483 in 2015. World mine production excludes the USA.
Magnesite The South Australia Department of State Development, ¬†reported magnesite production of 4650 t in 2015. The Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines reported magnesite production of  658 562 t in 2014-15. World mine production 2015 excludes the USA.
NiobiumAustralian mine production not publically reported by mining companies.
Oil ShaleWorld resources and world production estimates from World Energy Council (Survey of  Energy Resources 2013).
PGE The Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum reported 464 kg platinum and palladium production for 2014-15.
Phosphate Phosphate rock is reported as being economic at grades ranging from 8.7% to 30.2% P2O5. Christmas Island mined 674 757 t in 2015. The Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines reported phosphate production of 1 025 860 t in 2014-15. Minor production (1861 t) was recorded in South Australia.
Rare EarthsMount Weld in Western Australia  supplies rare earth concentrates to the Lynas Advanced Materials Plant (LAMP) in Malaysia. In 2015, LAMP produced 10 900 t of ready-for-sale rare earth oxides.
TantalumAustralian mine production is not publically reported by mining companies. However, the Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum reported combined tin, tantalum and lithium production of $192 167 483 in 2015.
Tin Mine production 2015 estimated at approximately 7210 t, based on 2015 figures released for the Renison operation (Tasmania) and 2014-2015 tin concentrate figures for Queensland operations from the Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland. Tin production from Western Australia is not included as figures are not available.
Tungsten Mine production 2015 estimated at approximately 348 t, based on figures released for the Kara operation (Tasmania) and by the Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland for 2014-15.
UraniumWorld economic resources sourced from the International Atomic Energy Agency estimate for Reasonable Assured Resources (RAR) recoverable at costs of less than US$130/kg U and Geoscience Australia. World production for 2015 sourced from the World Nuclear Association (World Uranium Mining Production, July 2016 update).