Australia's Identified Mineral Resources Table 1

As at December 2014

Commodity Units Australia World
JORC Reserves (a)
(% of Accessible EDR)
Demonstrated Resources Inferred
Resources (c)
Accessible
EDR (d)
Mine
Production
 2014 (e)
Economic
Resources
2014 (f)
Mine
production
 2014 (g)
Economic (EDR) (b) Subeconomic
Para-marginal Sub-marginal
Antimony kt Sb 62.6 (45%) 138.8 8.8 0 62.8 138.8 5.8 1800 160
Bauxite Mt 2087 (34%) 6195 144
1429 2065 6195 78.6 28 000 234
Black coal
in situ Mt 79 345 1395 4278 93 812
recoverable Mt 19 816
          (36%)
62 623 1260 3849 67 905 55 741 565* 690 530* 7212*
Brown coal
in situ Mt 49 075 37 465 16 873 123 813
recoverable Mt n.a. 44 164 33 402 15 186 103 017 34 095 60.7* 201 000* 810.5*
Copper Mt Cu 25.94 (29%) 88.48 1.28 0.43 50.77 88.48 0.97 700 18.7
Diamond Mc 99.15 (45%) 219.51 0 0 35.99 219.51 9.288 730 138.1
Gold t Au 3550 (39%) 9112 244 95 4562 9082 274 55 000 3114*
Iron
Iron ore Mt 20 487 (38%) 54 412 1569 1727 82 167 54 412 735 190 000 3220
Contained iron Mt Fe
9665 (39%) 24 639 799 570 36 173 24 639 424 87 000
Lead Mt Pb 12.82 (37%) 34.72 3.35 0.14 20.21 34.72 0.73 87 5.46
Lithium kt Li 854 (56%) 1533 0 0 179 1533 * 13 533 36*
Manganese ore Mt 121 (53%) 226.9 23.1 167 311.9 226.9 7.67 1520 51
Mineral sands
Ilmenite Mt 41.3 (25%) 256.9 26.2 0.03 255.1 139.3 1.000 1279.85 12.17
Rutile Mt 8.0 (31%) 32.1 0.3 0.06 40.7 22.4 0.212 57.41 0.77
Zircon Mt 15.3 (36%) 71.5 1.1 0.07 70.3 38.3 0.798 115.14 1.54
Molybdenum kt Mo 3.7 (2%)
190 1220 0.5 609 190 0 10 830 266
Nickel Mt Ni 7.0 (37%) 19.0 4.0 0.1 20.0 19.0 0.246 81 2.46
Niobium kt Nb 115 (56%)
205 82
0 418 205 * 4300 59.4
Oil shale GL 0 0 213 2074 1272 0 0 760 934*n.a.
Phosphate
Phosphate rock Mt 289 (27%) 1072 312 0 2459 1072 * 67 000 220
Contained P2O5 Mt 51 (28%) 183 53 0 399 183
Potash Mt K2O 0 7.105 13.204 0 35.2 7.105 0 3500 35
Silver kt Ag 28.05 (33%) 85.21 2.98 0.49 38.87 85.21 1.847 530 26.1
Tantalum kt Ta 29 (43%) 67 11 0.2 31 67 * >100 0.786
Tin kt Sn 215 (52%) 413 65 31 316 413 6.9 4843 297
Tungsten kt W 225.6 (57%) 392 0.8 5 231 392 0.48* 3486 82.3
Uranium kt U 371 (34%) 1151 9 14 704 1082 4.976 3699* 65.3*
Vanadium kt V 1208 (63%) 1910 14 640 1687 16 412 1910 0 15 000 78
Zinc Mt Zn 25.31 (40%) 62.57 0.97 0.75 28.44 62.57 1.56 230 13.3
Figures as at 31 December 2013
 
Commodity Units Australia World
JORC Reserves (a)
(% of Accessible EDR)
Demonstrated Resources Inferred
Resources (c)
Accessible
EDR (d)
Mine
Production
2013 (e)
Economic
Resources
2013 (f)
Mine
production
2013 (g)
Economic (EDR) (b) Subeconomic
Para-marginal Sub-marginal
Cobalt kt Co 385 (36%) 1068 285 29 1228 1068 6.40* 7271 110
Chromium kt Cr 0 0 302.2 0 3780 0 94.2* >480 000 28 800
Fluorine kt F 0 304 504 6.2 2285 304 0 117 000* 3285*
Magnesite Mt MgCO3 37.5 (12%) 318 22 35 850 318 * 8300 >23.96*
PGE (Pt, Pd, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh) t metal 0 3.5 139.0 1.4 202.8 0.8 0.786 66 000 386
Rare earths (REO&Y2O3) Mt 2.15 (67%) 3.19 0.58 31.10 23.24 3.19 n.a. 143.0 0.117
Thorium kt Th 0 0 101 0 585 0 0n.a. n.a.

Abbreviations

t = tonne; kt = kilotonnes (1000 t); Mt = million tonnes (1,000,000 t); Mc = million carats (1,000,000 carats); GL = gigalitre (1,000,000 L); n.a. = not available.

Notes
a.Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC) Proved and Probable Ore Reserves as stated in company annual reports and reports to the Australian Securities Exchange.
b.  Economic Demonstrated Resources (EDR) includes JORC Reserves, Measured and Indicated Resources.
c.  Total Inferred Resources in economic, subeconomic and undifferentiated categories.
d.  Accessible Economic Demonstrated Resources (AEDR) is the portion of total EDR that is accessible for mining. AEDR does not include resources that are inaccessible for mining because of environmental restrictions, government policies or military lands.
e.  Source: Department of Industry, Innovation and Science/Office of the Chief Economist unless otherwise stated.
f.  Source: Geoscience Australia and the United States Geological Survey (USGS).
g.Source: USGS unless otherwise stated.
*
Black coal Mine production refers to raw coal. World economic resources dated 2011, sourced from World Energy Council (Survey of Energy Resources 2013). World mine production sourced from International Energy Agency 2015.
Brown coal Australian mine production 2014 and world mine production sourced from International Energy Agency 2015. World economic resources dated 2011, sourced from World Energy Council (Survey of Energy Resources 2013).
CobaltMine production 2013 sourced from the Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum.
Chromium Mine production 2013 sourced from the Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum as 137 646 t of chromite expressed as Cr2O3.
Diamond World resource figures are for industrial diamonds only, no data provided for resources of gem diamonds.
FluorineWorld economic resources 2013 and mine production 2013 excludes the USA.
GoldWorld mine production 2014 sourced from the World Gold Council.
LithiumAustralian mine production is not publically reported by mining companies. However, the Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum reported combined tin, tantalum and lithium production of $167 211 172 in 2014. World mine production excludes the USA.
Magnesite Mine production for 2012-13 was 503 735 t (Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines). World mine production 2013 excludes the USA.
NiobiumMine production not reported by mining companies.
Oil ShaleWorld resources estimates from World Energy Council (World Energy Resources Survey 2013).
Phosphate Phosphate rock is reported as being economic at grades ranging from 8.7% to 30.2% P2O5. Christmas Island produced 539 591 t in 2014. The Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines reported that Phosphate Hill produced 1 948 626 t in 2013-14. Minor production (<1709 t) was recorded in South Australia.
TantalumAustralian mine production is not publically reported by mining companies. However, the Western Australian Department of Mines and Petroleum reported combined tin, tantalum and lithium production of $167 211 172 in 2014.
Tungsten Mine production 2014 estimated at approximately 477 t, based on figures released for the Kara operation (Tasmania) and by the Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines for 2013-14.
UraniumWorld economic resources 2014 sourced from the International Atomic Energy Agency estimate for Reasonable Assured Resources recoverable at costs of less than US$130/kg U.