Petroleum resources include oil, gas, coal seam gas, oil shale and unconventional resources.
Coal is a fossil fuel of sedimentary origin that has formed by coalification of vegetation over millions of years. Black coal consists of the higher rank anthracite, bituminous and sub-bituminous coals. The lower rank brown coal is sometimes known as lignite.
Geothermal energy is an emerging industry in Australia, with exploration being conducted in all states and the Northern Territory. While significant resources have been identified, presently there is no commercial production of geothermal energy in Australia, but there is significant potential for geothermal energy in Australia.
Australia currently is the world's third largest producer of uranium after Kazakhstan and Canada. Thorium is a naturally occurring slightly radioactive metal, three to five times more abundant than uranium.
Hydrogen has the potential to be a significant source of export revenue for Australia, to assist with decarbonising Australia’s economy, and could establish Australia as a leader in low emission fuel production.
A brief look at some of the other renewable energy resources in Australia including hydro, solar, ocean, wind and bioenergy.