Research Reports - Tsunami

Cities Project Perth - Tsunami Appendix

Even before the Sumatran earthquake and tsunami on 26 December 2004, it was recognised in Cities Project Perth that an Indonesian tsunami could have significant impacts in Western Australia, including on the Perth coastal region. As a consequence an appendix on tsunami hazard potential for Western Australia provides an overview of the historical impacts of tsunami in Western Australia and comments on the potential for future impacts on the State's south west coastal communities.


Hydrodynamic Modelling of Coastal Inundation

Modelling the effects on the built environment of natural hazards such as riverine flooding, storm surges and tsunami is critical for understanding their economic and social impact on urban communities. Geoscience Australia and the Australian National University have developed a hydrodynamic inundation modelling tool called ANUGA to help simulate the impact of these hazards.


Andaman-Sumatra earthquake - 2004

Hundreds of aftershocks have followed the Andaman-Sumatra earthquake on 26 December 2004. The magnitude 9.2 earthquake occurred where the Indo-Australian plate is being subducted under the Eurasia Plate. This subduction zone stretches from Burma in the west to West Irian Jaya in the east.


Aitape Earthquake and Tsunami - 1998

Just before 7pm on Friday 17 July 1998, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake rocked the north coast region of Papua New Guinea. The Aitape tsunami resulted in more than 2000 deaths, caused extensive damage to houses and public infrastructure and altered the environment around the village. A proposal to monitor aftershocks and provide advice to the Papua New Guinea and Australian governments was prepared by scientists from the Papua New Guinea Geological Survey and the forerunner to Geoscience Australia, the Australian Geological Survey Organisation. It was submitted to the two governments by the Australian aid agency, AusAID.


AusGeo News Articles

March 2009 Scientific expertise and emergency management

March 2008 Tsunami: Graduate project strengthens community ties

March 2008 Tsunami: Spatial Excellence Award for tsunami modelling

March 2007 Operations Hub in Action for Australian Tsunami Warning System

The Operations Hub for Geoscience Australia's new Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (AusTWC) was officially opened on Friday 1 December 2006

September 2006 Modelling Answers Tsunami Questions

Geoscience Australia aims to define the economic and social threat posed to urban communities by natural hazards such as tsunami

September 2006 Echoes of Ancient Tsunami

Geological signatures of tsunamis provide clues to tsunami hazards which are unknown or poorly understood from anecdotal and instrumental records alone

December 2005 Crustal Deformation from the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake

The Global Positioning System (GPS) and a global network of receivers now allows the detection of ground motion at the millimetre to centimetre level before, during and after earthquakes.

June 2005 Geoscience Australia's role in the Australian Tsunami Warning System

In the 2005-2006 Federal Budget handed down on 10 May the Australian Government announced the creation of the Australian Tsunami Warning System.

March 2005 The Boxing Day Tsunami - Echoes of 1833

An article in the September 2004 issue of AusGeo News discussed how massive earthquakes in the Sumatra subduction zone have the potential to cause tsunamis large enough to affect the entire Indian Ocean basin.

September 2004 - Small threat but warning sounded for tsunami research

There is an international tsunami warning system for the Pacific Ocean, but none for the Indian Ocean. How vulnerable is Australia to the risk of tsunami and are we leaving our western coastal communities exposed?


N H (Doc) Fisher Geoscience Library

The N H (Doc) Fisher Geoscience Library at Geoscience Australia is the premier geoscience library in Australia. Established in 1946, the library, which is open to the public, has an extensive collection of earth sciences material.


External Research Links
Title Author Reference
Tsunami Emergency Planning in Australia - Manual 46 External site link
Attorney-General’s Department, Australian Emergency Management Institute Australian Emergency Manuals Series Manual 46.
An Assessment of the Diversity in Scenario-based Tsunami Forecasts for the Indian Ocean External site link
Diana J.M. Greenslade, Alessandro Annunziato, Andrey Babeyko, David Burbidge, Enrico Ellguth, Nick Horspoold, T. Srinivasa Kumar, Ch.Patanjali Kumar, Chris Moore, Natalja Rakowsky, Torsten Riedlinger, Anat Ruangrassamee, Patchanok Srivihok, Vasily V. Titov Continental Shelf Research, DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2013.06.001
Far-field impact and coastal sedimentation associated with the 2006 Java tsunami in West Australia External site link A. Prendergast and N. Brown Natural Hazards, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-011-9953-y
Tsunami modelling validation: the impact of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami on Geraldton, Western Australia N. Horspool, J. Griffin and K. Van Putten Geoscience Australia Record 2010/01.
Towards spatially distributed quantitative assessment of tsunami inundation models External site link J.D. Jakeman, O.M. Nielsen, K. Van Putten, R. Mleczko, D. Burbidge, and N. Horspool, 2010 Ocean Dynamics, Volume 60, Number 5; pages: 1115-1138, DOI: 10.1007/s10236-010-0312-4.
A Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment of the Southwest Pacific Nations C. Thomas and D. Burbidge Geoscience Australia Professional Opinion 2009/02.
A Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment of the Indian Ocean Nations D.R. Burbidge, P.R. Cummins, R. Mleczko, H. Latief, M. Mokhtari, D. Natawidjaja, C.P. Rajendran, C. Thomas. Geoscience Australia Professional Opinion 2009/11.
Tsunami risk assessment and mitigation for the Indian Ocean; knowing your tsunami risk - and what to do about it External site link Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manual and Guides 52, Paris: UNESCO, 2009.
Mitigation of Tsunami Disasters in Ports [PDF 6.9MB] External site link PIANC Working Group 53 PIANC report 2009.
Tsunami planning and preparation in Western Australia: application of scientific modelling and community engagement [PDF 2.2MB] External site link R. Stevens, G. Hall and J. Sexton, 2008 Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 23, 4, p30-36.
The Effect of the Great Barrier Reef on the Propagation of the 2007 Solomon Islands Tsunami Recorded in Northeastern Australia External site link Toshitaka Baba, Richard Mleckzo, David Burbidge, Phil R. Cummins, Hong Kie Thio Pure and Applied Geophysics, DOI 10.1007/s00024-008-0418-5, 2008.
A Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment for Western Australia External site link David Burbidge, Phil .R. Cummins, Richard Mleczko, Hong Kie Thio Pure and Applied Geophysics, DOI 10.1007/s00024-008-0421-x, 2008.
Medieval forewarning of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Thailand External site link
Kruawun Jankaew, Brian F. Atwater, Yuki Sawai, Montri Choowong, Thasinee Charoentitirat, Maria E. Martin & Amy Prendergast Nature 445, doi:10.1038/nature07373, 2008.
A first-generation real-time tsunami forecasting system for the Australian Region [PDF 2.2MB] External site link Greenslade, D.J.M., Simanjuntak, M.A., Burbidge, D. and J. Chittleborough, 2007. BMRC Research Report No. 126, Bur. Met. Australia.
Assessing the threat to Western Australia from tsunami generated by earthquakes along the Sunda Arc External site link David Burbidge and Phil Cummins, 2007 Natural Hazards, 10.1007/s11069-007-9116-3.
The potential for giant tsunamigenic earthquakes in the northern Bay of Bengal External site link Phil R. Cummins Nature 449, 75-78, doi:10.1038/nature06088, 2007.
Tsunami Information Sources [PDF 1.1MB] External site link
This is an extensive list of tsunami information sources from tsunami generation, propagation, effects of nearshore bathymetry, wave run-up on shore, and physical and numerical modelling.
Robert L. Wiegel, 2006 International Journal of the Tsunami Society, volume 24, number 2.
Historic records of teletsunami in the Indian Ocean and insights from numerical modelling External site link Dale Dominey-Howes, Phil Cummins and David Burbidge, 2006 Natural Hazards, 10.1007/s11069-006-9042-9.
The relationship of the seismic source and subduction zone structure for the 2004 December 26 Sumatra–Andaman earthquake External site link B.L.N. Kennett, and P.R. Cummins, 2005 Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 239, 1-2, p1-8.

Topic contact: hazards@ga.gov.au Last updated: November 22, 2013