The term rock is used to describe a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals. The term mineral is used to describe a naturally occurring substance with a reasonably fixed chemical composition and crystal structure.
Sugar shake: erosion experiment (primary)
The Geology of Minecraft
Rocks from volcanoes
Earth Science 101 – The Rock Cycle
An introduction to minerals and their properties such as hardness and streak
View the valuable gem and mineral specimens that are not on public display
Learn about one of the greatest ore deposits in the world and view spectacular and rare mineral specimens
A showcase of radioactive specimens from the National Mineral Collection
Learn about the national gemstone, where it is found and what types there are
Rocks that get excited… under ultraviolet light!
Teacher Guides and Resources
This booklet focuses on the processes of weathering and erosion, and includes case studies on Australian landforms such as Uluru, the Warrumbungles and the Twelve Apostles.
Explore important concepts about minerals and crystals using this comprehensive resource. Includes sections on identifying minerals, significant minerals and gem resources in Australia and the uses of crystals. Contains student activities and answers.
This booklet describes major geological, climatic and biological events that have occurred over time. Geological events include continental drift, the break-up and amalgamation of continental land masses, mountain building and major volcanic eruptions. Climate changes include the occurrence of ice ages and biological events include the evolution of major groups of organisms.
Posters comparing the concepts in the computer game Minecraft with science/geology. Aimed at school children, for display in classrooms.
A simple rock cycle poster showing the formation and features of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
Theoretical geological cross section from the ocean through a mountain range to inland plains.
Explore the concepts of weathering and erosion by investigating why river pebbles are often rounded.
This card is useful for analysis of sediments – size, roundness, sorting.
Exploring the geology, resources and landscapes of Australia, this comprehensive book reveals how these have helped to shape this nation's society, environment and wealth.
Web pages with links to Australian minerals and energy facts.
A self-checker to help identify if you have a meteorite.
Web pages about minerals found and mined in Australia.
JPG or PDF download of surface geology map of Australia, A3 size.
A3 PDF magnetic intensity map of Australia.
PDF download of the gravity anomaly map of the Australian region.
PDF A3 and A0 version of the radiometric map of Australia.
To celebrate the establishment of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) fossil emblem in 2020 this self-guided tour was developed to guide visitors to a number of interesting geological locations around metropolitan Canberra and surrounds.
Australian Curriculum links
Science > Science Understanding > Earth and Space Science > Earth’s surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity (ACSSU075)
Science > Science Understanding > Earth and Space Science > Some of Earth’s resources are renewable, including water that cycles through the environment, but others are non-renewable (ACSSU116)
Science > Science Understanding > Earth and Space Science > Sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks contain minerals and are formed by processes that occur within Earth over a variety of timescales (ACSSU153)
Earth and Environmental Science > Unit 1: Introduction to Earth systems > Rocks are composed of characteristic assemblages of mineral crystals or grains that are formed through igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic processes, as part of the rock cycle (ACSES019)
Earth and Environmental Science > Unit 3: Living on Earth – extracting, using and managing Earth resources > Non-renewable mineral and energy resources are formed over geological time scales so are not readily replenished (ACSES071) > The location of non-renewable mineral and energy resources, including fossil fuels, iron ore and gold, is related to their geological setting (for example, sedimentary basins, igneous terrains) (ACSES072)